How Much Hay Per Cow Per Day

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Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle

The cow therefore consumes a total of 12.5 pounds of TDN per day. Therefore, the DIP requirement is 12.5 pounds x 10 percent, or 1.25 pounds of DIP per day. If the hay contains 6 percent CP (dry matter basis), of which 65 percent is DIP, this cow would consume 0.98 pound of DIP each day (6 percent x 65 percent x 25 pounds).


On the basis of the energy value of the feeds, good hay is worth about 60 percent as much as the usual grain mixture, and silage is worth about one-third as much as good hay. If it should happen, therefore, that hay and silage cost more per unit of nutritive value than grains, it will pay to reduce the roughage allowance in the ration

How much hay will a cow consume?

After calving and during early lactation, the cow may weigh 100 pounds less, but will be able to consume about 2.6% of her body weight (100% dry matter) in hay. This would translate into 36 pounds of as-fed hay per cow per day necessary to be hauled to the pasture. This again assumes 15% hay wastage.

Steer Feeding Guidelines

DM basis, or 16-18 pounds of hay (85% DM). After 3-5 days when the calf is consistently consuming the grain offered, increase the amount of grain offered by 1 pound. Increase the grain by 1 pound every 3-5 days until the calf is consuming about 8 pounds of grain per day.

Factors and Feeds for Supplementing Beef Cows

pasture or low quality hay often need only 1 pound to 2 pounds a day of a high protein feed. (On extremely low quality forage, such as tall-grass prairie in winter, 3 pounds to 4 pounds of high pro - tein feed may be needed.) A thin, dry, mature cow may require 2 pounds to 4 pounds daily, but of a medium-protein, high-energy supplement. After

Buying and Feeding the Family Milk Cow

1,000 pound cow would need 20 to 25 pounds hay. A rule of thumb for feeding grain is feeding 1 pound of grain for every 3 pounds of milk produced. Dairy grain usually contains 16 to 20 percent protein. If good quality hay is fed, then 16% is adequate. If hay is poor, then consider feeding 20% protein along with 5 or 6 pounds of beet pulp per day.

Full hand feeding of beef cattle quantities

themselves to about 1 kg per 100 kg of bodyweight per day. Some roughage should be available to avoid molasses toxicity. Table 1. Maintenance(a) feed requirements ( as fed ) for full hand feeding of cattle Feed options: minimum weight (kg) per day as fed Class of stock and bodyweight Grain (12 ME) OR Hay (8.5 ME) OR 50:50 grain:hay mix

How many animals should How many acres of pasture be on your

figure is used because livestock need to have 4% of their weight in forage each day (2.5-3% intake, 5 trampling loss and 5-1% buffer). EXAMPLE FARM Beefy Acres is a cow/calf operation located in the Southeast. We are going to try to figure out how much we will need the whole year (365 days)

NET COST PER COW $915.03 Cost/calf weaned/cow exposed at 80%

Protein Supplement Jan 1 - Feb 28 (alfalfa hay) 200 lbs $250/Ton $25.00 Pasture Mar 1 - May 15 (For Calving/Pairs) 2.5 Months $7 per cow $17.50 Alfalfa and Grass Hay (Millet, Sorghum-Sudan Etc) 1.2 Ton $200/Ton $240.00 Pasture May 15 - Oct 31 5.5 Months $30/per pair $165.00

Grazing Cattle on Corn - Gov

250 cow days per acre. Assuming you have 200 cows, and you want to graze them for 30 days, the formula is: 30 days X 200 cows = 6000 cow grazing days Based on 250 cow-days per acre you would require: 6000 cow grazing days ÷ 250 cow days per acre = 24 acres (10 ha) of corn. Seed Selection Select an early-maturing silage corn variety.

The Cost of Pasture versus Hay

Assumptions: 30 lbs of hay consumed per cow per day I also wanted to consider this same question from the perspective of an equine operation that purchased an alfalfa / orchard grass type hay for winter feeding. While the process is very much the same, daily costs tend to be considerably higher. Table 2 on the following page estimates winter

Hay Calculator for Livestock Producers

Hay cost analysis lets you calculate how much hay you need, if there is a deficiency of hay, and how much the hay costs. You will need to know the average weight of the bales and the price per bale you will buy in case you need extra hay. References Buskirk, D.D., A.J. Zanella, T.M. Harrigan, J.L. Van Lente, L.M. Gnagey, and M.J. Kaercher. 2003.

Beef Cattle Handbook

per head 2. feed intake about 18-20 pounds daily, and 3. feed conversion about 6-7 up to 1,000 pounds Above 1,000 pounds of live weight, feed conversion for Holstein steers is much higher (less efficient). Dressing percentage is generally 6-8 percent lower for Holsteins compared with beef breeds. At a constant

News Column by Greg McClure, KSU-Riley County Extension

I was doing some math to determine how much hay a cow will eat over the winter and my mind just took off. Typical consumption for a cow is about 2.2% of body weight daily. For a 1,400 pound cow, that s 30.8 pound of feed per day, on a dry matter basis. If hay is 88% dry matter, then that

South Dakota State University Open PRAIRIE: Open Public

Therefore, five pounds of alfalfa hay would balance 15 pounds of good quality prairie hay. B. If he decides to use protein supplement, how much hay per cow per day must he allow, and how much supplement must he use? Step I-The feeding standards are the same as in part A. Step 2-From table 1, the nutritive values of the two feeds

Cattlemen s Corner Beef Newsletter

Assuming that the average cow size is 1,000 lbs, each cow will need 30 lbs of feed per day. If we set the CP requirement at 10.2% and the alfalfa has 20% CP, we can manipulate the amounts of each feed until they fit: 30lb * 10.2%CP = (25.5 lb Grass hay * 8.5% CP) + (4.5 lb Alfalfa hay * 20% CP)

Baleage Production Performance and Costs

Feb 04, 2018 Hay consumed per cow per day, lb Bales needed per week for 30 cows 4 4 560 32.5 14 4 5 880 32.5 9 4 6 1270 32.5 6 5 5 1100 32.5 7 5 6 1580 32.5 5 Source: Banta, 2012 Table 1. Number of bales needed to feed thirty 1,300 lb cows consuming 2.5% BW in dry matter per day.

Beef Cow Costs - Purdue University

program cost approximately 50 cents per day per cow, whereas the average producer feeding harvested hay per day cow cost would range from $1.25 to $2.00 per day depending on the quality of hay fed. If the average producer feeds hay from 120 to 160 days, we are talking about an additional cost of from $90.00 to $240.00 per cow per year.

Management Practices on Virginia Dairy Farms

Acres of hay/pasture per cow Respondents were asked how much hay land was also pastured during some part of 1996. Confinement farmers used 0.25 acres of hay/pasture significantly less than either Moderate Grazer (0.41 acres) and Intensive Grazer (0.56 acres) farmers. No significant differences were found between hay/pasture

Calculating Hay Yields - Purdue University

in many land rent agreements. Examining profit margins per field can be easily figured when hay yield and price per ton are recorded. Producers need to know yields and selling prices in order to estimate potential profitability - or calculate actual net returns after the hay is marketed. A greater awareness of your hay

Calculating Dry Matter Intakes for Various Classes of Stock

weight) = 1.8kg DM per day per ewe 1.8 Kg DM per day per ewe x by 100 ewes = 180 kg DM per day for the group. Example 2 I want to supplementary feed the group some silage with a DM of 50% how much silage will I need to feed the group as fed? 180 ÷ 50% =360 Kg as fed per day for the group. USING NDF TO PREDICT INTAKE Example 3

Managing a Small Beef herd in dry times - Website

Consider that a 500kg pregnant cow needs a minimum 8kg of hay per day, provided the energy level of the hay is 8.5 Megajoules of Metabolisable Energy. So a herd of 30 cows needs 240kg of hay per day minimum. If the quality is low more hay or additional feeds will be required. How much do bales weigh? Small square bales of hay 20-24kg

Hay Analysis Guide for Beef Cattle - Extension

To determine if hay will meet CP requirements of cow herd use Table 2. The cow herd s needs for 1 month prior to calving (when dry cow requirements are the greatest) are 2.19 lbs of CP intake per day. Based on step 1, the cow will consume 2.4 lbs of CP per day (24 lbs DMI x 0.10 % CP of hay). Therefore, this hay will slightly exceed

Corn for cows

ended up costing about 30¢ a day per cow, Trask says. I weighed a loader bucketful so we could keep track of what we were feeding,and fed it with a manure spreader with the beaters disconnected.I just fed it on the ground,and the cows cleaned it up pretty well.There wasn t much waste. Trask fed about 5 pounds (lb.) of ear corn daily

BASIC SHOW STEER Feeding and Care - 4-H

Steer Weight % of body weight eaten per day approximate feed amounts 500 3% 12 lbs grain 3 lbs hay 800 3% 20 lbs grain 4 lbs hay 1100 2.5% 24 lbs grain 4 lbs hay HAIR CARE Comb your calf as much as possible. Not only will this help calm him but it will keep his hair coat and skin healthy. Rinse and wash your calf on a warm day.

Supplementation Needs for Gestating and Lactating Beef Cows

1,200 lb cow are relatively low (9 11 lb total digestible nutrients or TDN per day, 2 lb crude protein per day). As that cow grazes dormant range or low-quality forages, sup-plementation of 2 2.5 lb of a 20 25 percent crude protein (CP) source would meet the cow s maintenance demands at this state of production.


The gain for yearling bulls prior to the breeding season should be about 2 pounds per day. This would require a diet containing 10-11% protein and 60-70% TDN (dry matter basis) which could be supplied by 6-10 lbs. of grain per day and full-feed of medium quality hay. Any hay fed should be free from molds and green in color, if possible.

Ontario Dairy Facts & Figures - Milk

In one day, an average cow eats - 4.5 kg of hay - 9.0 kg of haylage - 9.0 kg of corn silage - 10.0 kg of dairy ration - 57 g of minerals and salts - 80 to 160 litres of water The typical dairy cow will produce 30 litres of milk each day, from two daily milkings. Costs to produce 1 litre of milk 15 cents for FEED 15 cents for LABOUR & LIVING

How Many Bales of Hay Do I need for the Winter?

weight that your cow will consume as hay each day. A cow s average feed intake is approximately 3.0 to 3.5% of its body weight. In order to use this method of calculating winter hay needs, estimate the number of days you'll need to feed hay,

What does it Cost You to Feed Your Cows?

ingredient has not been overheated to render the protein unavailable to the cow or that Ingredient Amount fed daily (as fed amt) Ingredient Cost Cost per cow per day Forages Corn Silage 65 $30/ton $0.98 Alfalfa Hay 6 $150/ton $0.45 Corn 11 $3/bu $0.59 Distillers Grain 6 $175/ton $0.52 Soybean Meal 5 $410/ton $1.02 Mineral/Vitamin/

Sprouted Barley Fodder Fact Sheet

about 20% less manure. While herd milk production dropped to around 80 lbs per cow per day, grain fed per cow dropped from about 28 lbs to 8 lbs. Heel warts have almost disappeared in his confinement herd. Pregnancy rates have gone up. He attributes these benefits to reducing dietary starch. Fig. 2 Mold on sprouting barley


allowed selected alfalfa hay at will were fed an average of 2,160 pounds of grain in addition, which was approximately at the rate of 1 pound to each 5 pounds of milk produced. Their production for the 4 years averaged 10,352 pounds of milk and 359 pounds of butterfat per cow per year. The cows on alfalfa hay alone produced 83 percent as much

Feeding the Dairy Cow - Teagasc

requirements of the cow during the tetany period for different feeding rates. Feeding rate kg % calmag needed in ration to supply 60g per cow/day calmag or 30g of magnesium 60g calmag (%) 1 6.0 2 3.0 3 2.0 4 1.5 5 1.2 6 1.0 2. Check that the inclusion rate of trace elements is adequate to meet the requirements of the cow.

Winter Feeding Programs for Beef Cows and Calves (agdex 420/52-3)

30,000 to 40,000 IU (International Units) of vitamin A per day, 3,000 to 4,000 IU per day of vitamin D and 200 to 300 IU per day of vitamin E. The lower amount is recommended for light calves and for modest weight gains. Use the higher level when rapid weight gains are expected, especially for heavy calves.

Feeding Barley Grain to Dairy Cattle: Starting Out

in the diet, typical upper limits of barley may be only 4 kg per cow per day fed as 2 kg twice daily. If the diet also contains silage, hay and / or cereal straw, more than 4 kg of barley per cow per day is possible. High rates of barley sometimes increase risk of rumen acidosis in cattle. Do I need to process barley for feeding to cattle?

Bale Weight: How Important Is It

fed per week if each cow consumes 32.5 pounds per day and there are 30 cows to feed. It would be more economical to feed 6 bales than 14 bales each week. Other factors that need to be evaluated are the cost of transporting purchased or raised hay and the influence of bale size, weight, and shape on this cost.


Only use good quality hay. Some people bale up rubbish pasture and call it hay. The most expensive hay is the stuff that is cheap to buy and the cattle won t eat ! Providing it is good quality, hay should be fed at the rate of aroundto4 5 kg per cow per day. Feeding 2 or 3 days worth at a time is alright providing you can keep the hay dry.

Alfalfa for Dairy Cattle

May 08, 2018 generate $0.20 less daily income per cow with the lower quality alfalfa hay. For a 100-cow herd, this reduction in milk production would decrease milk income by $600 per month. Put another way, profitability for this farmer would be equal if he/she spent an additional $80tton tor the higher quality alfalfa hay. With the lower quality