Scalar Mixing In An Urban Canyon

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by R Van Kleeck 2020 THE EFFECTS OF URBAN GEOMETRY ON POINT SOURCE SCALAR PLUME cross-canyon simulations are shown on the left and right respectively. ther mechanical mixing, spatial heterogeneity, and complex surface fluxes, lead to 

Scalar mixing in an urban canyon - ProQuest

by G Duan 2019 Cited by 4 The scalar dynamics within a unit-aspect-ratio street canyon are studied using large-eddy simulation. The key processes of ventilation and mixing 

The surface energy balance and boundary layer over urban

by IN HARMAN 2006 Cited by 102 of heat from chimneys or exhausts, or indirect, such as enhanced mixing due to sentative of scalar flux densities from the facets of an urban street canyon 


by XX Li Cited by 6 INSIDE URBAN STREET CANYONS WITH HIGH ASPECTS RATIOS. Xian-Xiang Li resolved-scale velocity, pressure, and scalar mixing ratio. The implicit 

Licentiate thesis - DiVA

by Y Yunkai 2013 surrounding buildings and geometry of street canyon on flow and pollutant distribution inside The height-scale of the urban canopy layer is the approximately building height. The turbulence of scalar transport must also be modeled. Based on Prandtl's mixing-length model (Bredberg, 2001), oncoming flow close to the.

Scalar fluxes from urban street canyons. Part II - Department of

by IN Harman Cited by 127 The variations in scalar flux from an urban street canyon with geometry is over a factor of As explained above, the mixing of high momentum air downwards.

Transport processes in and above two- dimensional urban street

With increasing Ri, both the heat (area active scalar source) and pollutant (line Stable stratification Urban street canyon Unstable stratification ble and will produce mixing between the fluid above and the fluid within the canyon whatever​.

Passive scalar diffusion in and above urban-like roughness

by I Kanda 2016 Cited by 18 effect on diffusion even in the vicinity of the source where mechanical mixing by the model and diffusion in street canyons under neutral, stable, and unstable 

The Effect of Urban Geometries and Roof Shapes on Airflow

by H Wen Cited by 2 Figure 8.6: Mixing velocities for whole street canyon, Cases 1 10. passive scalar (representing pollutant concentration in this thesis). Γ molecular diffusion 

Joint PDF modeling of turbulent flow and dispersion in an

by J Bakosi Cited by 9 The small-scale mixing of the scalar released from a concentrated element method; street canyon; urban-scale modeling; turbulent flow; 

Two decades of urban climate research - Cool Roofs and Cool

by AJ ARNFIELD 2003 Cited by 2965 between buildings, for example, define the urban canyon (UC). At some height above the canopy, the blending effect of turbulent mixing will erase the diversity and spatial separation of sources and sinks of momentum and scalars, and.

Mixing and Transport in Urban Areas - JSTOR

by SE Belcher 2005 Cited by 175 the street, which drives a mixing circulation in the street canyon. Barlow, J. F., Harman, I. N. & Belcher, S. E. 2004 Scalar transport from urban 

Large-Eddy Simulation of Dispersion from Surface Sources in

by VBL Boppana Cited by 69 Keywords Area source Dispersion Passive scalar Urban canopy driven by the strong shear layer at the canyon top, leading to relatively thorough mix-.


commonly defined as urban street canyon (Nicholson, 1975). intersection region, where dispersion and mixing of pollutants are strongly influenced equations for momentum, mass and energy, and the scalar transport equation for pollutant.

IAUC Newsletter - International Association for Urban Climate

07-Oct-2004 p2 Urban Project: Modelling scalar fluxes in (2004) Scalar fluxes from urban street canyons. vertical mixing of the tracer, the rooftop and.

Sensitivity of mesoscale model urban boundary layer

03-Nov-2010 radiation into urban canyons, while potentially increasing diffuse radiation advection of momentum and scalars uses a fifth-order scheme, temperature, water vapor mixing ratio (q), wind speed (u) and wind direction (uθ).

Scalar mixing from concentrated sources in urban-like

by R Rossi Cited by 3 Scalar mixing in urban-like roughness. 307. (xs/hm = 3.5 inward by the high-​speed flow moving in the canyons as seen in the counter-staggered case. 3.2.

Mixing of a Passive Scalar in an Urban-Street Canyon - ams

by G DUAN Mixing of a Passive Scalar in an Urban-Street Canyon. Guangdong DUAN (g.​[email protected]), Keith NGAN ([email protected]), James George 


by MLM LAGFLUM Session 6 Urban scale and street canyon modelling. 821 of concentration for a passive scalar in the 3D turbulent flow corresponding to MUST wind tunnel.

Effects of a Fence on Pollutant Dispersion in a Boundary

by HE Eisma 2018 Cited by 6 rural-to-urban transition can be described by means of a mixing-length model a 'street canyon', with the width of all streets equal to h. For the scalar.

Large-eddy Simulation of Scalar Dispersion from a Point

by DA Philips Cited by 3 stress data is presented along with mean scalar and scalar flux statistics. Barycentric ometries found in urban areas pose an additional modeling challenge. With the simulation of scalar mixing from a point source over a wavy wall, Center for an urban street canyon: Comparison between RANS and. LES​, Journal of 

A Wind Tunnel Study on Effect of Scalar Transport - IBPSA

by J Chung Cited by 1 convection heat and evaporation heat on urban surfaces. This paper of dry patches enhances scalar transfer efficiency as compared to the turbulent mixing effect of the urban inside the canyon at the front of the block at λp-block = 17.4​%.

Shaping buildings to promote street ventilation A - NSF-PAR

by M Llaguno-Munitxa 2018 Cited by 18 Therefore, the urban street canyon has been often studied as an archetypal model in the circulation patterns and the turbulent momentum and scalar exchanges This formulation combines a mixing length model for the RANS region, 

Transport processes in and above two-dimensional urban

by XX Li 2014 Cited by 30 heat, and pollutants in the two-dimensional (2D) urban street canyons in the With increasing Ri, both the heat (area active scalar source) and pollutant (line pas- mixing between the fluid above and the fluid within the canyon whatever. 123 

CFD Photochemical Modelling in an Urban Street Canyon

The study on flow and dispersion in urban street canyons have been widely investigate and pollutants have sufficient time spent in the mixing and reaction process of the the mean concentration and concentration variance of the scalars, 

Modelling atmospheric dry deposition in urban areas using an urban

deposition model based on the urban canyon concept is pre- sented. It uses a local cal mixing length and key parameters characteristic of the ur- ban canopy. turbulent transport of momentum and that of scalars (tem- perature and 

Modelling air quality in street canyons: a review - hal-ineris

by S Vardoulakis Cited by 1167 processes within urban canyons and validating mathematical models. region directly over the road, called the mixing zone, is treated as a zone of uniform and the dispersion model SCALAR (Johnson and Hunter, 1995).

Download PDF - arXiv

by A Di Bernardino 2020 Cited by 11 2019). Owing to the presence of street canyons, squares, intersections, and buildings of varying heights, estimation of air pollutant concentration in the urban environment sensors, measuring simultaneously fluid velocity and scalar concentration at several the canopy by appealing to Prandtl's mixing-length theory,

Flow characteristics and particle mass and number - Uni-DUE

concentration variability within a busy urban street canyon concentrations during enhanced turbulence, coarser particles (1oDpo10 μm) are positively correlated to mixing within the periods as either arithmetic means for scalars (​i.e

Flushing of a Dense Fluid from an Isolated Urban Canyon

by Z Baratian-ghorghi 2012 including the removal of dense pollutants trapped in urban canyons and the purging of salt drives most of the mixing is restricted laterally and, therefore, does not penetrate The flow across a street canyon of variable width part 2: Scalar.

UrbClim a fast urban boundary layer climate model - Zenodo

resistances for momentum and scalar quantities can be specified as, Pan (​1996), the turbulent vertical diffusion coefficient for scalar quantities in the mixing layer with temperature is representative for the urban canyon as a whole, which is 

Scalar fluxes from urban street canyons. Part I - Department of

by JF Barlow 2003 Cited by 144 An urban surface is a collection of roughness elements which causes the flow above to measuring spatially averaged scalar fluxes from street canyons using the naphthalene the flow in mixing scalar quantities. As it is a 

Large-Eddy Simulation of Flow and Scalar Transport in a

by CH Liu 2002 Cited by 161 scalar mixing at the roof level occurs primarily on the leeward side of the street canyon. In addition A typical urban street canyon is a narrow street flanked by 

Modelling air pollution within a street canyon - University of

by J ZHONG 2015 Cited by 1 A street canyon is a typical urban configuration with surrounding buildings Segregation effect due to incomplete mixing of air pollution within passive scalars corresponding to the area sources over the road surface, the upstream wall.


by YAN YANG 2006 Cited by 14 Of particular interest is the scalar transfer in urban canyons, includ- a strong mixing in the bulk of the canyon and enhances the transport.

CFD simulation of outdoor ventilation of generic urban

by R Ramponi Cited by 192 and the passive scalar transport equation are used to calculate the effective local mean age of air at pedestrian level street canyon aspect ratio (h/b = 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0) on pollutant Mixing and transport in urban areas.

Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flow and Pollutant - MDPI

by VT Nguyen 2019 Cited by 7 wind flow and pollutant transport in urban street canyons with large Reynolds equation for passive scalar transport for the flow over regular Spalding, D.B. Mixing and chemical reaction in steady confined turbulent flames.

Experimental Determination of Heat Transfer - J-Stage

by H SUGAWARA 2011 Cited by 2 Experimental Determination of Heat Transfer Resistance in Urban Canyon Environments. Hirofumi Note that this expression is commonly used for scalar transfers, but 89, No. 4 r was evaluated using the mixing length theory, which.

Sample 1 - University of Manitoba

by BC Wang 2009 Cited by 37 investigated the characteristics of flow in a street canyon inter- section in London, UK tensor diffusivity scalar flux models for the prediction of urban dispersion of the shear or mixing layer near the top of the canopy, attenuates downstream.

Large-Eddy Simulation of Flow and Scalar Transport in a

by CHO LIU Cited by 161 scalar mixing at the roof level occurs primarily on the leeward side of the street canyon. In addition A typical urban street canyon is a narrow street flanked by 

Validation of the PALM model system 6.0 in real urban - GMD

by J Resler 2020 Cited by 4 canyons, surface temperature scanning with infrared camera and monitoring of quantities (potential temperature, water vapor mixing ratio, passive scalar) on a.


by AS Scaperdas Cited by 17 Very few urban pollution dispersion studies have investigated urban canyon Since turbulent transport of a scalar is due to the same 'eddy mixing' mechanism​ 

Street canyon ventilation and atmospheric turbulence

by P Salizzoni 2009 Cited by 119 Operational models for pollutant dispersion in urban areas require an estimate of the turbulent a street canyon and the atmospheric flow above it by means of wind tunnel experiments. Fluid In accordance with Prandtl's mixing length theory, both models velocity field that we need to interpret the passive scalar concen-.


by E Erell 2005 Cited by 5 Baklanov, A. (2001). The mixing height in urban areas - a review , Mixing Height and Inversions in Scalar fluxes from urban street canyons. Part I: Laboratory 

Joint PDF Modelling of Turbulent Flow and Dispersion in an

by J Bakosi 2009 Cited by 9 tration of a passive scalar in an urban street canyon is computed using a newly of turbulent kinetic energy and small-scale mixing of scalars.

Effects of Roof-Edge Roughness on Air Temperature and

by AA Aliabadi 2017 Cited by 37 temperature, and pollutant concentration in urban canyons in a hot climate simulation (LES) turbulence model and a passive scalar transport model, the roughness elements, the mixing of this cold air with the canyon air is 

Three-Dimensional Modeling of Air Flow and Pollutant

by MY Tsai 2005 Cited by 21 mixing of temperature and admixtures in the canyon. Factors affecting the and dispersion of pollutants in urban canyons.1 11 Com- putational fluid dynamics dissipation, respectively; S is the scalar measure of the defor- mation tensor, 0 is​ 

Study of gas emission transfer processes in the city canyon

by NN Fedorova 2021 One of the most common urban configurations is the urban canyon, which has two rows of tall buildings The scalar transport equation was used to characteristics of mixing of an impurity in a two-component gas flow was investigated.

University of Birmingham Modelling the dispersion and

mixing. This study demonstrates an approach to quantify parameters for a simplified Urban street canyon, Large-eddy simulation, Pollutant removal, Turbulence, Most studies only considered passive pollutants (i.e. non-reactive scalars).


by IN Harman Key words: sensible heat flux, turbulent transfer, urban street canyon flux of a scalar from the four facets of an urban street canyon has been developed, The flow in this region is driven by mixing at canyon top and decelerates as it passes​