Risk Ratio Ldl Hdl Mean
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nz PATIENT INFORMATION better medicine What your lipid test
cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. Your result Your target level Total cholesterol LDL cholesterol HDL cholesterol Triglycerides HDL/cholesterol ratio What do your results mean? Total Cholesterol. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance made in the liver from the fats and oils we eat. It is important for
Raising HDL: an update
Ischemic Heart Disease Risk by HDL-C Patients with LDL-C < 60 mg/dl Palo Alto Veterans Administration Medical Center And Affiliated Clinics N=3 982 N=4 188 Unadjusted rates Adjusted odds ratios Mean HDL-C Q1: 28 mg/dl 0.72 mmol/L Q2: 36 mg/dl 0.93 mmol/L Q3: 43 mg/dl 1.11 mmol/L Q4: 63 mg/dl 1.63 mmol/L
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HDL AND ITS EVOLUTION INTO A THERAPEUTIC TARGET
LDL Low HDL is associated with significant disability and the loss of ability to execute daily living activities among patients over 65 years of age. Among the elderly, low HDL predicts risk for future MI and stroke better than LDL. CAD, coronary artery disease; LDL, low-densi ty lipoprotein; MI, myocardial infarction. HDL as CAD Risk Factor
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Colesterol HDL y riesgo cardiovascular ¿Dónde estamos?
the association between low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and increased cardiovascular risk. Ann Intern Med 2010; 153:800-808. *After adjustment for LDL-cholesterol levels and age, a 10-mg/dL decrease in HDL-cholesterol levels was associated with 7.1 more MIs per 1000 patient-years in statin-treated patients and 8.3 MIs per
TOTAL CHOLESTEROL - Heart
walls. A healthy HDL-cholesterol level may protect against heart attack and stroke. Studies show that low levels of HDL cholesterol increase the risk of 1 2 Low density lipoproteins (LDL cholesterol) are considered BAD cholesterol. While they carry needed cholesterol to all parts of the body, too much LDL contributes to fatty buildups in arteries.
Hyperinsulinemia is characterized by jointly disturbed plasma
When VLDL was disturbed jointly with LDL and HDL, the mean Insulin response adjusted for age, gender, glucose response, BMI, blood pressure, and smoking was high compared to the reference group (166.0 vs. 122.5, p < 0.001). With Isolated disturbed VLDL, or disturbed LDL and HDL but normal VLDL, the mean Insulin response resembled the reference
Effect of Acute Myocardial Infarction on Cholesterol Ratios
cholesterol ratio and the LDL cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio. Methods: The study consisted of 45 patients who were admitted to the hospital with acute MIs. Serum levels of total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides were determined on day 1 post-MI and day 4 post-MI. The total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio and
Lipoprotein Composition and LDL-P
TG/HDL-C ratios) correlate with CV risk. Of course, directly measuring atherogenic lipoprotein concentrations such as apoB and LDL-P or apoA-I and HDL-P also correlate with CV risk. When lipids and lipoprotein assays both indicate risk equally, they are concordant and we can trust either.
Association of Cholesterol, LDL, HDL, Cholesterol/ HDL and
decreases risk and higher TC increases risk. Kinosian et al also found the ratio between total cholesterol and HDL to be more effective than looking at LDL alone.3 Further work led to the ATP III guidelines of 2001 and later modifications, which focused on low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and HDL levels.4 The impact of triglyceride on
1 Patient Report
LDL and HDL Particles HDL-P (total) SMALL LDL-P LDL SIZE Small LDL-P and LDL Size are associated with CVD risk, but not after LDL-P is taken into account. nm nmoI/L moI/L Lower CVD Risk Higher CVD Risk 23.0 Large (Patern A) 20.6 20.5 Small (Patern B) 19.0 34.9 30.5 26.7 117 527 839 high 75th 50th 25th low
attenuated the ratio of serum LDL to HDL ARTICLE
tions of total or LDL cholesterol in the blood are powerful risk factors for CHD , whereas high concentrations of HDL cholesterol or a low LDL (or total) to HDL choles-terol ratio may protect against CHD [2, 6]. Recent studies have directed their efforts toward the protective effects of plants such as garlic on hyperlipid-emia [7, 8].
Appropriate LDL-C-to-HDL-C Ratio Cutoffs for Categorization
The clinical use of LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and the cutoff points of LDL-C/HDL-C ratio are complicated by variations among ethnicities. It was important to apply the ethnically appropriate cutoff values of LDL-C/HDL-C ratio for assessing risk factors of CVD. In the present study, we investigated the associations between LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and risk
Is High Serum LDL/HDL Cholesterol Ratio an Emerging Risk
Aim: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), which are components of total cholesterol, have each been suggested to be linked to the risk of sud-den cardiac death (SCD). However, the relationship between LDL-c/HDL-c ratio and the risk of SCD has not been previously investigated.
A Comparison of Blood Cholesterol Levels and the Intake of
The mean dietary trans fat consumed over the three day period was 51.68 ± 38.45 grams. Lipid profile values were determined for total cholesterol (TC), HDL, LDL, and HDL/TC ratio. The mean value of total cholesterol (TC) for the 21 subjects was 220.8 ± 40.5 mg/dL. The mean values for HDL and LDL were 51.2 ± 15.3 and 142.6 ± 45.7
EFFECTS OF DAILY ALMOND CONSUMPTION (1.5 OZ.) ON
risk factors, including TC and LDL-C. Consequently, this dietary change also results in decreased HDL-C concentrations. We have shown that a cholesterol-lowering diet incorporating almonds decreases HDL-C to a lesser extent than a traditional low-fat, low-cholesterol diet. HDL has atheroprotective properties that extend beyond absolute HDL-
Usefulness of the TG/HDL Ratio in Predicting Cardiovascular
The LDL/HDL ratio appears to be as useful ratio as it reflects two-way traffic of cholesterol entering and leaving the arterial intima in a way that the individual levels of LDL and HDL do not. Thus, it is believed that the LDL/HDL ratio would correlate better with the CAD risk rather than LDL or HDL alone. Zhu et al. (10) also
A New Inﬂammatory Marker: Elevated Monocyte to HDL
proteins (LDL) and prevented the oxidation of the LDL molecules. Therefore, it was believed that HDL had both anti-inﬂammatory and anti-oxidant effects . In recent studies, the ratio of the monocyte count to the HDL cholesterol level (MHR) was deﬁned as an easy calculable cardiovascular prognostic
Serum Lipoprotein Lipase Concentration and Risk for Future
the highest LPL concentration quartile had a 34% lower risk for future CAD compared with those in the lowest quartile (odds ratio [OR] 0.66; confidence interval [CI], 0.53 to 0.83; P 0.0001). This effect remained significant after adjustment for blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, body mass index, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (OR,
HDL -CHOLESTEROL Direct Method - BIOLABO
5. HDL LDL CK-MB controls (human origin) REF 95516 HDL LDL CK-MB Control Level 1 REF 95526 HDL LDL CK-MB Control Level 2 6. or any normal and pathological control sera of human origin. CALIBRATION Do not use aqueous calibrator Use BIOLABO HDL-Cholesterol Calibrator REF 95406 traceable to CDC reference method (secondary standard HDL-M04).
Role of Non-HDL Cholesterol and LDL C/HDL c Ratio to Assess
forFasting plasma glucose, Triglycerides, Total cholesterol,LDL cand HDL c. whereas Non-HDL cholesterol and LDL c/ HDL c ratio were calculated. There was a significant increase in Non-HDL cholesterol (p<0.001) and LDLC/ HDL-C ratio (P<0.05) in diabetic patients compared to age and sex matched controls.
ATP III Guidelines At-A-Glance Quick Desk Reference
secondary goal for non-HDL cholesterol (total HDL) 30 mg/dL higher than LDL goal. Comparison of LDL Cholesterol and Non-HDL Cholesterol Goals for Three Risk Categories Risk Category LDL Goal (mg/dL) Non-HDL Goal (mg/dL) CHD and CHD Risk Equivalent <100 <130 (10-year risk for CHD >20%) Multiple (2+) Risk Factors and <130 <160 10-year risk <20%
Lipids, apolipoproteins, and prognosis of amyotrophic lateral
protein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and LDL-C/ high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio have been shown to be more prevalent in patients with ALS than in controls, although results are not always consistent.4 In a pre-vious study, we found that compared to controls, patients with
Dietary Cholesterol Affects Plasma Lipid Levels, the
LDL-C/HDL cholesterol ratio a valuable tool for the assessment and clinical management of individuals at risk for heart disease . Dietary cholesterol is a highly controversial nutrient because it raises plasma cholesterol, especially
Higher triglyceride to high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) content, increased triglycerides (TG) and the predominance of small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL) particles 2,3. Recently, a well-deﬁned atherogenic dyslipidemia parameter, namely, the TG/ HDL-C ratio, has been thought to be correlated with CV events4 6. Compared with other individual
Vital and Health Statistics - CDC
tently been shown to be an independent CHD risk factor (6,7). This report presents basic reference data on serum lipids and lipoproteins for adults 20-74 years of age, including TC, HDL-C, the difference between TC and HDL-C or non-HDL-C, TC:HDL-C ratio, serum triglycer-ide, calculated LDL-C, LDL-C.HDL-C ratio, and detailed
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol to low-density
lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), cholesterol levels and pancreatic function has garnered much attention . The HDL-C/LDL-C ratio (H/L ratio) is a powerful risk predictor and has been used as a biomarker not only for cardiovascular disease but also for ankylosing spondylitis and other diseases [9, 10]. However, the relationship be-tween HDL-C
Understanding Your HDL Cholesterol - Healthyroads
Your profile can help you find out if you are at risk for heart disease or stroke. If your lipids are not normal, then you will likely need to take steps to get them to healthy levels. The lipid panel measures several lipid levels in your blood. These usually include: LDL cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein) HDL cholesterol
Carotid Artery Plaque and LDL-to-HDL Cholesterol Ratio
IMT or the LDL/HDL ratio were analyzed with one-way ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni post hoc test. The ability of mean-IMT, maximum-IMT, LDL/ HDL ratio, or a combination of those factors to pre-dict coronary artery stenosis and vulnerable coronary plaque was examined by receiver operating character-istic (ROC) curve analyses.
THE PREVALENCE OF METABOLIC SYNDROME AND FRAMINGHAM
atherosclerosis risk (Castelli et al. 1983). AILDL/HDL is the ratio of LDL cholesterol to HDL cholesterol and AITC/HDL is the ratio of TC to HDL cholesterol. Low risk values are: AILDL/HDL≤3.3 for men and ≤2.9 for women; AITC/HDL≤5.1 for men and <4.4 for women. Framingham cardiovascular risk scores were calcula-
HDL: State of the Lipoprotein
www.lipid.org Low HDL-C Is a Well-Established, Independent CHD Risk Factor: ARIC HDL-C Quintiles for D mmol/L mg/dL 81 (median) Adjusted for age and race, 12-year follow-up; N=12,339
lowering triglycerides (TG) on the risk of cardiovascular
mg/dL; LDL-C 213.8 mg/dL; HDL-C 52.3 mg/dL; and triglycerides 191.0 mg/dL. Fenofibrate capsules therapy lowered LDL-C, Total-C and the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio. Fenofibrate capsules therapy also lowered triglycerides and raised HDL-C (see Table 1). Table 1 Mean Percent Change in Lipid Parameters at End of Treatment Treatment Group Total-C LDL-C HDL-C TG
The Lipid Profile Parameter in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary
moderate risk LDL/HDL ratio, especially in stages II and III of COPD. There was no statistically significant difference between the four COPD groups in terms of the LDL/HDL ratio (P=0.21). As a result, there was no significant correlation between the LDL/HDL risk ratio and COPD stages. Table 4.
HDL Cholesterol, Very Low Levels of LDL Cholesterol, and
HDL cholesterol, Very Low Levels of LDL Cholesterol, and cardiovascular events n engl j med 357;13 www.nejm.org september 27, 2007 1303 Study Protocol
LDL-C/HDL-C is associated with ischaemic stroke in patients
tors for risk stratification of thromboembolism events in patients with AF [14 16]. Additionally, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) has been shown to be negatively correlated with the risk or severity of IS [17, 18]. The LDL-C/HDL-C ratio has also been shown to have greater predictive value of risk in cardiovascular
Blood Rheology and the Low-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol
Blood rheology and LDL/HDL ratio indicates a low risk.4,5 A desirable LDL-C/HDL-C ratio would be < 2.0; in a large clinical study, an LDL-C/HDL-C ratio < 2 during 24 months of treatment with a statin was associated with regression of coronary artery atheroma.6 Thus, the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio is superior to the individual levels of
HDL Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, and Triglycerides as Risk
including high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and tri-glycerides, remains challenging. A large observational study of 1,943,682 male US veterans reported an increased risk for developing incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), deﬁned as estimated glomerular ﬁltration
High Blood Cholesterol What you need to know
The higher your risk, the lower your LDL goal will be. To find your LDL goal, see the box for your risk category below. There are two main ways to lower your cholesterol: Category I, High Risk,your LDL goal is less than 100 mg/dL. You will need to begin the TLC diet to reduce your high risk even if your LDL is below 100 mg/dL.
Lipid Update and Case Studies: Comparing ATP III, AHA/ACC
(TC 180 mg/dl, LDL-C 110 mg/dl, HDL-C 40 mg/dl, TG 150 mg/dl on atorvastatin 20 mg) A.Continue current therapy. (ACC/AHA Guidelines) B.Adjust or change statin to a goal LDL of < 70 mg/dl (High risk patient- NLA Guidelines) C.Add additional lipid agents to regimen. D.Consider alternative therapy
To Determine Cutoff Value of Triglycerides to HDL Ratio in
A cut off of 1.0 for Triglycerides to HDL c ratio was able to identify participants with cardio metabolic risk factors (obesity, hypertension, diabetes). The AUC of ROC for the ability of TG/HDL-C ratio to predict cardio metabolic risk factors was significant with coordinates of 0.68 ± 1.60 (p-value=0.03).