Linear Optical Implementation Of Nonlocal Product States And Their Indistinguishability

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Tensor-Product States and Local Indistinguishability: an Optical Linear Implementation A.Carollo(l) G.M.Palma l), C.Simon(2) A.Zeilinger (2) (l) Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Universita' di Palermo & Unita'INFM Via Archirafi 36,1- 90123 Palermo, Italy (2)Institutfuer Experimentalphysik, University of Vienna

arXiv:quant-ph/0409093v1 15 Sep 2004

optical fibers. Two photons separated by more than two km of optical fibers are entangled, although Finally, it is a key element for the implementation of quantum networks [7] and of Linear

Entanglement Swapping with Semiconductor-generated Photons

roots for these devices, yet quantum states of light have only in recent decades been studied extensively in their own right - sparking the second quantum rev-olution Semiconductor sources can now emit single photons [5] and entangled photons [6] on demand (see Fig. 1a), more reliably and intensely than non-linear crystals.