Discrimination Of Phonemic Vowel Length By Japanese Infants

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References - Universiteit Utrecht

infants. Science, 171, 303-306. Elfenbein, J.L. and Davis, J.M. (1993). Developmental Patterns of Duration Discrimination. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36, 842-849. Escudero, P. R. (2000). The perception of English vowel contrasts: acoustic cue reliance in the development of L2 perception. Paper presented at the Fourth International

Which Acoustic and Phonological Factors Shape Infants' Vowel

taining all public studies testing discrimination of vocalic sounds by infants. Here, we assess whether there is statistical evidence in this public database for the following factors affect-ing effect sizes across studies: (1) the order in which the two vowel stimuli are presented; and (2) the distance between the

Second Language Research Asymmetries in the perception of non

mental length contrasts that are phonemic in the non-native language (L2) but not in the native language (LI) to the perception of LI length contrasts. In order to provide a holistic picture, the perception of both vowel and consonant length is investigated here with identical participant groups. This procedure allows for a reliable cross-

Cross-language Vowel Perception and Production by Japanese

Japanese and contemporary Korean present contrasting situations with respect to the L1 status of the features of vowel length and vowel quality, relevant to the perception of Australian English front vowels. Comparisons among appropriately selected groups of Japanese and Korean learners, at dif ferent levels of prior


P1-7 Perception and production of phonemic vowel length in Australian English-learning 18-month-olds Hui Chen (Macquarie University) Nan Xu Rattanasone (Macquarie University) Felicity Cox (Macquarie University) P1-8 A comparison of long consonant acquisition in Arabic, Finnish, Japanese and Welsh Ghada Khattab (Newcastle University)

The perception of handshapes in American Sign Language

perience; however, by 10Ð12 months of age, infants per-form like adults and easily discriminate only native con-sonant contrasts (see Jusczyk, 1997, for a review). There is a developmental shift in the perception of vowel con-trasts as well, from a language-general processing pat-tern to a language-specific pattern, although this shift

Announcements Psych 156A/ Ling 150: Acquisition of Language

Dutch and English vowel sounds in the native language environment also seem to differ studies suggest that differences between the long and short vowels of Dutch are larger than any analogous differences for English. Dietrich et al. 2007 Frequency Dutch of sound in input Vowel duration 0 English English vowel length not used

DOCUMENT RESUME Language and Behavior National Science

who made a comparative study of the linguistic development of 10 infants, 6 of whom were Japanese, 4 were American. Recordings of the infants' vocalizations during the first year did not reveal any meaningful dif-ferences between the utterances of the Japanese and American babieS, even

LabPhon 14 POSTER SESSIONS (version 2014-7-8)

P1-7 Perception and production of phonemic vowel length in Australian English-learning 18-month-olds Hui Chen (Macquarie University) Nan Xu Rattanasone (Macquarie University) Felicity Cox (Macquarie University) P1-8 A comparison of long consonant acquisition in Arabic, Finnish, Japanese and Welsh Ghada Khattab (Newcastle University)

Hui Chen, Xu Rattanasone, Felicity Cox, and Katherine Demuth

English learning infants can detect a one-feature vowel quality change (i.e., vowel height or backness) in familiar words (Mani et al., 2008), and Japanese-learning infants become sensitive to a vowel length change in newly learned words (Chen et al., 2015b). Thus, by 18 months, infants have well-specified phonological contrasts for most vowel


Mothers speak less clearly to infants: A comprehensive test of the hyperarticulation hypothesis. Psychological Science, 26(3), 341-347. Hirose, Y., & Mazuka, R. (2015).

Perception of Vowel Length by Japanese- and English-Learning

This study investigated vowel length discrimination in infants from 2 language backgrounds, Japanese and English, in which vowel length is either phonemic or nonphonemic. Experiment 1 revealed that English 18-month-olds discriminate short and long vowels although vowel length is not phonemically contrastive in English.

Mon-Khmer Studies

phonemically distinctive. Surin Khmer is a restructured language. Its vowel system lost phonation distinction and resulted in phonemic difference in vowel length and various vowel qualities. Unlike the other two languages, Vietnamese is a tonal language. The three languages have different dominant phonetic and phonological characteristics. In

Syllable, accent, rhythm: typological and methodological

variability of syllable length, especially affects vowels1. Conversely, and contrary to syllable-timed languages, stress-timed languages generally tolerate consonant clusters. English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Arabic or Greek are exemplars of this rhythm class. A third type, mora-timed , was proposed by Bloch (1950). A mora is a unit

VOFFSET 4> Phonologicaltheoryandthedevelopment

bimoraic minimality. Second, the complex phonetic realization of phonemic vowel length contrasts in English makes itdifficultto define whatcounts as monomoraic or bimoraic in child English. The contrast between the so-called short and long vowels is manifested in at least two phonetic parameters

LANGUAGE AND SPEECH, 2007, 50 (1), 23 52 Perceptual

contained the sound [u]. Japanese listeners, unlike French listeners, overwhelmingly judged that the vowel was present at all levels of vowel length. Strikingly, this was the case 70% of the time even when the vowel had been completely removed (i.e., the zero ms condition). The French participants, on the other hand, judged that the vowel was

Psych 215L: Language Acquisition

Discrimination task: ! English speakers have higher performance at the r/l category boundary, where one sound is perceived as r and one sound is perceived as l. Japanese speakers generally perform poorly (at chance), no matter what sounds are compared because r and l are not contrastive for them.! Miyawaki et al. 1975 Cross-Language Differences

Infant-directed speech supports phonetic category learning in

that differ in length in Japanese, and primarily in vowel color in English would thus allow a test of the hypothesis that there are distributional characteristics in the input that support native category learning. Because both English infants (Cooper & Aslin, 1990; Fernald, 1985) and Japanese infants (Hayashi, Tamekawa, & Kiritani, 2001)

Insights on NIRS sensitivity from a cross-linguistic study on

ble. For example, discrimination responses to a duration vowel contrast showed W-shaped changes in infants across 3- to 14-months-old (Minagawa-Kawai et al.,2007). Therefore, we tested Japanese infants at a wide range of ages, from 3 to 14months, in order to explore the stability of neural bases of attunement to the phonological grammar.

Development of perceptual sensitivity to extrinsic vowel

Japanese, where vowel length is phonemic, younger infants (10-month-olds) discriminate vowel duration differences like English 18-month-olds, while 18-month-olds show an asym- metric pattern of discrimination, responding to shortening, but not lengthening, of the vowel.

What in the world do we know about word stress? A review of

vowel length is a more effective cue than intensity ratio (Fry, 1958). The acoustic properties of the stressed syllables in English are different to those of the unstressed syllables. The unstressed syllables have a weaker vowel and often include the schwa. Visually, when we produce word stress our lips and


Japanese infants are aware of phonemic vowel length in novel words at 18 months H. Chen, N. Yamane, N. Xu Rattanasone, K. Demuth, R. Mazuka Using event-related potentials (ERP) to examine the nature of morphological variability in adult L2 learners J. Alemán Bañón, J. Rothman, D. Miller 10:00 An RCT to test the causal role of caregiver

Asymmetries in the perception of non-native consonantal and

mental length contrasts that are phonemic in the non-native language (L2) but not in the native language (L1) to the perception of L1 length contrasts. In order to provide a holistic picture, the perception of both vowel and consonant length is investigated here with identical participant groups. This procedure allows for a reliable cross-

Advanced Second Language Segmental and Suprasegmental Acquisition

31 Japanese learners of English with various vocabulary sizes (ranging between approximately 4,000-9,000 word families). Their longitudinal design is crucial, as the findings would directly relate to the causal relationship between vocabulary growth and the development of targetlike phonological behaviour.

Workshop on Infant Speech Perception (WISP): Phonological and

Session 2: Phonemic Learning Chair: Denis Burnham 1400-1430 Hui Chen (CCD, Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University) The sensitivity to vowel length distinction in novel words at 18 months: Evidence from Japanese infants 1430-1500 Weiyi Ma (CCD, Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University)

SLA 2000072 1. - cambridge.org

of L1 on the discrimination of vowel length (e.g., Flege & Mackay, 2004; Hisagi et al., 2010, 2015; Nenonen et al., 2005). Furthermore, only scarce data exists on the influence ofashort training onvowel discrimination in L2(e.g., Wang& Munro,1999).Thus,the purpose of the present study was to examine native Hebrew speakers discrimination of

Cross-linguistic approaches to speech processing

Eimas et al. 1171 established that infants have the ability to discriminate phonemic contrasts of their own lan- pages, as well as contrasts that belong to other lan- guages. In contrast, to take some well-known exarn- pies, adult speakers of Japanese have great difficulty

Comparison of native versus nonnative perception of vowel

rate discrimination of vowel length contrasts in various studies (e.g., Dietrich, Swingley, & Werker, 2007; Mugitani et al., 2009; Sato, Sogabe, & Mazuka, 2010). In fact, young Japanese infants (at 9.5 months but not at 7.5 months), for whom vowel length is phonemic, were shown to discriminate /mana/ and /ma na/

A Constructivist Approach to Robot Language Learning via

then lost or diminished for instance the capacity of infants learning Japanese to distinguish between /r/ and /l/ as both sounds belong to the same Japanese phoneme [r] while discrimination of native sounds improves [4]. Infants typically start to acquire vowel categories of their native languageand combinethem with certain consonantsto

Pallier et al. - Language-specific listening Language

morae (the Japanese rhythmic unit, see text). represent all the features necessary to process any of the world s language (e.g. stress, vowel length, moraic structure, complex syllabic structure, tone and so on). During the first year, when infants are exposed to their

The Interplay Between Input and Initial Biases: Asymmetries

vowel length discrimination in 18-month-old Eng lish- and Japanese-learning infants (in which vowel duration is phonemic), and found an unexpected perception pattern in Japanese-learning infants: They discriminated a long to short vowel change but not a short to long vowel change. This asymmet ric pattern was explained from the perspective that


An early study of vowel characteristics of IDS showed that mothers speaking to their infants who were at the one-word stage of language development produced vowels with significantly less overlap among phonemic categories as compared to the vowels they produced when speaking to an adult (Bernstein Ratner, 1984b). In other words, the

Development of Speech Perception in Korean Infants

= 023) with their infants looking time differences between the same and change category trials. The effect of maternal phonetic differences accounted for about 17.6% of 7-9-month-olds discrimination behavior even after controlling for infant s age, which showed a positive correlation with infants discrimination ability [7].

Epenthetic Vowels in Japanese: a Perceptual Illusion?

(e.g. ebuzo). Japanese, but not French participants, reported the presence of a vowel [u] between consonants, even in stimuli with no vowel. A speeded ABX discrimination paradigm was used in Experiments 3 and 4, and revealed that Japanese participants had trouble discriminating between VCCV and VCuCV stimuli.

0 Speech Perception and Phonology*

Hence, Japanese listeners perceive all phonetic realizations of the moraic nasal consonant as instances of a single underlying unit. Several other studies have shown perception differences for allophonic as opposed to phonemic contrasts (Chapter 6: Contrast) using discrimination paradigms.


from Continuous Speech -). Chino to joho nihon chino joho fuaji gakkaishi (In Japanese, Journal of Japan Society for Fuzzy Theoy and Intelligent Informatics), 26(1), 510-520. Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2014). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56, 192-209

Ph.D. Program in Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences Newsletter

Korean, and Japanese listeners using the acoustic change complex (ACC). Presented at XXIV Biennial Symposium of the International Evoked Response Audiometry Study Group (IERASG), Busan, Korea. An, L., Martin, B.A. (2015, May). Discrimination of English /r/ and /l/ by American, Korean, and Japanese listeners using the Mismatch Negativity (MMN

REPORT Is Dutch native English? Linguistic analysis by 2

Discrimination of two foreign languages: French vs Japanese Previous experiments using other techniques have indicated that 2-month-old infants discriminated their native tongue from other languages, but that they failed to distinguish between pairs of unfamiliar languages. 216 Anne Christophe and John Morton ' Blackwell Publishers Ltd. 1998

The Perception of lax-tense contrasts in English by Polish

While both length and spectral differences are essential for vowel identification, it has been demonstrated that spectral information plays a primary role in vowel perception for native English speakers, and length just secondary one (Hillenbrand, 2013:26). However, different patterns were