Memory Strategies Used By Cognitively Intact And Cognitively Impaired Older Adults

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The Effects of Cognitive Intervention Training and Exercise

Alzheimer s disease were examined. Sixty-eight cognitively intact older adults between the ages of 60-85, with a positive family history of Alzheimer s disease, and reportedly not currently engaged in regular exercise, were recruited. In a 12week- controlled clinical trial, participants

Cognitive-Motor Interference during Walking in Older Adults

performance in 42 young adults (mean age 23.9 ± 1.98), and 43 older adults (mean age 68.2 ± 6.42). The MoCA was used to stratify the subjects into those with and without

Cognitive Training for Older Adults: What Works?

the benefits of cognitive training for older adults but gives us important information about the intensity, length, and type of treatments that might need to be explored in future work. In particular, its findings are in line with those sug-gesting that cognitive training might not work well for older adults who already have dementia.

Assessing Post-Hip Surgical Pain in Hospitalized Older Adults

Pain in cognitively impaired older adults has shown to be prevalent in nursing home and long-term care facilities nationally (Patel et al., 2013) and internationally (Blomqvist & Hallberg, 1999; Lin et al., 2011; Proctor & Hirdes, 2001). Health care providers employ various assessments that may not detect pain adequately.

Reduction in Fall Rate in Dementia Managed Care Through Video

people aged 65 and older, with estimated yearly direct medical costs of US $637.2 million for fatal falls and US $31.3 billion for nonfatal falls in the United States alone [2]. Incidence of falls in people with cognitive impairment is estimated to be twice that of cognitively intact older adults [3]. In nursing

Collaborating to Remember: A Distributed Cognition Account of

specifically for memory-impaired older adults to support memory for prospective tasks. Memojog is composed of a PDA and a web-accessible database. The user, caregiver, or care professional can make changes to the users schedule through the system. There are also coordinating tools for families of cognitively intact individuals [31], such

Including Individuals with Memory Impairment in the Research

Jul 02, 2012 cognitively complex. The following details how this com-plexity creates barriers to the performance of older adults with memory impairment and dementia on research surveys. Memory-impaired older adults face various barriers to participating in survey research. For example, as discussed above, memory impairment can impact one s comprehen-

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Executive function predicts risk

of attention, executive function, memory and visuospa-tial function have all been reported to be associated with an increased risk of falls in both cognitively intact and cognitively impaired individuals [13-16]. Difficulty with dual-task walking, a measure of divided attention and executive function in which individuals are given a

The Reciprocal Causal Relationship between Social Activities

dementia in Korea, the number of older adults with de-mentia was about 540,000 (9.2%) in 2012, and is expected to be about 2,710,000 (15.1%) by 2050[15]. In addition, 27.8% of older adults are reported to have mild cognitive impairment, which may increase the risk of later pro-gression to dementia [15]. Older adults with cognitive im-

Alzheimer s disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Similar

order to compare their performance with that of cognitively healthy older adults [28]. The results showed a clear dissociation between implicit and explicit memory: intact implicit memory in both clinical groups, similar to that of healthy older adults, and impaired episodic (explicit) memory in both clinical groups, especially in AD patients.

Cholinesterase Inhibitor Adjunctive Therapy for Cognitive

did those who took placebo (p = 0.03); this effect was not observed in cognitively intact subjects (p = 0.39). CONCLUSIONS: There is no clear benefit for ChEI therapy as an adjunct to antidepressant therapy for depressed older adults. KEY WORDS: cholinesterase inhibitors, cognition, cognitive impairment, depression, donepezil, galantamine.

Understanding the theoretical underpinning of the exercise

Falls in older adults with MCI Cognitive impairment is a risk factor for falls [1]. When an adult is cognitively impaired, regardless of the diag-nosis, they are at increased risk of falls compared with age-matched cognitively intact individuals [2]. Mild cog-nitive impairment (MCI) is defined by measureable

Updates on Mental Health Problems in Late Life

physically and cognitively impaired. Older adults appear more vulnerable to biological causes of depression, such as depression secondary to vascular lesions in the brain Older adults who are cognitively intact may experience a buffering of depression because of a lifetime of cumulative wisdom coupled with a different view of

Intranasal Insulin as a Treatment for Alzheimer s Disease: A

3 Intranasal Insulin Improves Memory Function in Cognitively Impaired Humans A single dose of intranasal insulin acutely improved memory in memory-impaired older adults with AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and also improved memory and cognitive function with multiple treatments of patients with AD or MCI [28]. Insulin was effective in

Working memory and memory loss in neurodegenerative disease

3 Working memory & memory loss in neurodegenerative disease EDitORial future science group Unfortunately, the empirical evidence sup-porting transfer from cognitive training is

Vulnerabilities of Cognitively Impaired Patients in Acute and

Vulnerabilities of Cognitively Impaired Patients in Acute and Post-Acute Care Settings Karen L. Gilbert DNP MS RN CDP Vice President, Education and Quality Assurance Alzheimer s Community Care 800 Northpoint Parkway Suite #101-B West Palm Beach, FL 33407 DECK: All patients are vulnerable to a variety of complications during an

Assessment & Management (OAs) of Alcohol Use Disorder in

Impaired memory, cognitive problems ↓ resistance to infection Well -suited for cognitively intact OAs Albert, P. T. (2014). Alcohol abuse in older adults

Cognitive Exercise and Its Role in Cognitive Function in

CT in Healthy Older Adults Whether older cognitively intact individuals can benefit from CTremainscontroversial,astworecentmeta-analysesyielded different conclusions [33, 34 ]. However, different clinical trials were identified within each review. Examination of longitudinal randomized controlled trials of training adhering

Healthy Aging Adults‟ Performance on Tests of Executive Functions

in Inhibit, Shift, Emotional Control, Initiate, Working Memory, Plan/Organize, Task Monitor, and Organization of Materials scale on the Self-Report Form than adults 40 to 90 years of age. The mean score on the BRIEF-A is 50 with a standard deviation of 10. The Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) is a

The impact of physical, neurological and cognitive deficits

in older adults (38, 39). In addition, executive function is a predictor of falls and fall-related risk factors (40). Approximately 60% of cognitively impaired older adults fall each year, twofold more than that observed among cognitively intact older adults (41, 42). High rates of falls among people with dementia with intact motor

Parahippocampal Cortex Mediates the Relationship between

cohort of well-characterized older adults. No participants were cognitively impaired, as defined by a score of lower than 26 on the Mini-Mental State Examination (Folstein et al., 1975). Participants with a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment, dementia, psychiatric illness within the last 3 years, stroke

Exploring the contribution of spatial navigation to cognitive

functions verbal and non-verbal memory, executive a nd visuospatial function, attention/working memory and language function. 108 older adults (53 cognitively normal [CN] and 55 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment [aMCI]) underwent neuropsychological examination and real-space navigation testing.

American Journal of Alzheimer s Disease & Other Dementias

older adults in long-term care (LTC) settings, especially during care providing activities of daily living (ADL).1 Research documents that elderspeak is perceived as patronizing and can precipitate com-munication breakdown and problem behaviors for cognitively intact elders.2,3 In contrast, some social scientists promote the use of components

Patterns of effective connectivity during memory encoding and

with the multiple trace theory of episodic memory proposed by Moscovitch and colleagues [6]. Extensive evidence suggests that, relative to their younger counterparts, cognitively intact older adults show greater lateral prefrontal (PFC) activation that is typically viewed as

Communicating with the Cognitively Impaired Patient Objectives

Communicating with the Cognitively Impaired Patient Objectives 1. Identify signs of the cognitively impairment patient. 2. Describe the causes cognitive impairment. 3. List the signs of the cognitively impairment patient. 4. Discuss effective communication techniques for the cognitive impaired patient 5. Described ways to care for the

Scholarly Achievements -

McDougall, G. J. (1995). Memory strategies used by cognitively impaired and intact older adults. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 7(8), 369-377. PMID: 7662429 McDougall, G. (1995). A critical review of research on cognitive function/impairment in older adults. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 9(1), 22-33. PMID: 7887683

Effects of Chronic Stress on Memory Decline in Cognitively

enhance cognitive functioning in older adults compromised by existing cognitive deficits. Effects of Chronic Stress on Memory Decline in Cognitively Normal and Mildly Impaired Older Adults This article is the subject of a CME course (p. 1437) and discussed in an editorial by Dr. Taylor (p. 1312).

Balance Problems and Fall Risks in the Elderly

less of the diagnosis, is a risk factor for falls.6 Cognitively impaired adults show an increased risk of falls compared with their age-matched cognitively intact peers. 7

Assessment of late-life depression via self-report measures

samples of older adults; and availability of age-appropriate norms was provided along with the strengths and weaknesses of each measure. Results highlighted that in cognitively intact or mildly

Further Evidence of Benefits to Mood and Working Memory from

Memory from Lipidated Curcumin in Healthy Older People: A 12-Week, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Partial Replication Study Katherine H. M. Cox, David J. White , Andrew Pipingas, Kaylass Poorun and

Pain Assessment Checklist For Non Verbal Adults

people with intact versus cognitively impaired older adults with hip fractures. Alignment and assessment checklist for verbal adults with people who have failed to measure pain are also available to this. Charts for pain checklist non verbal adults who are versatile, and wellbeing is common mode.


memory operations used to produce inferences. Twenty participants with AD and 20 cognitively healthy older adults (OA) read narrative stories, one sentence at a time, pausing to talk aloud after each sentence. A verbal protocol analysis developed by Trabasso and Magliano (1996), was used to code the participants utterances into

Memory Training and Task Specificity in 90- - 99-Year-Old

and cognitively intact seni ors directly addressed the question of the effectiveness of memory training and speed of processing [8]-[11]. Willis et al. [12] separated speed of processing and memory interventions, and added reasoning as an intervention in adults aged 65 or older. It was found that each intervention (e.g., speed of

Cognitive Training among Cognitively Impaired Older Adults: A

CT plays on cognition and mobility among healthy older adults, there is a gap in the literature on whether CT positively impacts balance among those who are cognitively impaired. Clinically recognized cognitive impairments, including dementia, can have a devastating impact on older adults memory, mood, quality of life (QOL), and behavior.

Promoting activity, independence and stability in early

Jun 30, 2017 Why: rationale, theory and goals.Older adults with mild dementia have a high risk of falls. This was evidenced by literature2,15 and through a bespoke cross-sectional survey of 69 adults (mean age 81years) with mild dementia or mild cogni - tive impairment (Montreal Cognitive Assess-ment = 15 25/30, median = 21). One-third had

The Bolton Pain Assessment Tool: Development & Initial Testing

Schofield P (2008) assessment and management of pain in older adults with dementia: a review of current practice and future directions. Current Opinions in Supportive and Palliative Care. 2: 128-132 Williamson A and Hoggart B (2005) Pain: a review of three commonly used pain rating scales. Journal of Clinical Nursing: 14, 798 804.

Communication With the Cognitively-Impaired Client

Communication With the Cognitively-Impaired Client INTRODUCTION There are many challenges you face while working as a certified nursing assistant (CNA). Perhaps the biggest one is working with clients who are cognitively impaired. Cognitive impairment (cognition means of or relating to conscious thinking) is a

The influence of strategic encoding on false memory in

Feb 01, 2017 memory cues more readily available for memory retrieval, thus facilitating the use of different retrieval strategies. Given that prior studies have shown that Item-Specific encoding was effective in reducing false memory in older adults, we investigated the efficacy of this strategy in patients with MCI

A Review of Memory Aid Devices for an Ageing Population

three goals for the present review: (1) to outline the needs of older adults, (2) to review current memory aid devices, and (3) to consider how these devices meet the users needs. Keywords: compensa tory memory device, older adult, cognitively impaired, dementia Paper Received 27/07/2006; received in revised form 31/10/2006; accepted 12/12/2006 1.