An Arctic And Antarctic Perspective On Recent Climate Change

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Rapid Lacustrine Response to Recent High Arctic Warming: A

Holocene, thereby placing the magnitude and rate of change in recent years within a longer perspective. This need is especially true in the High Arctic, where global circulation models (GCMs) predict an amplified response to greenhouse gas-induced warming (Zwiers, 2002), yet few long-term high-resolution climate data sets exist. In the Arctic

The Expansion of Russian Arctic Fossil Fuel Extraction and

Arctic continues to develop and evolve in response. More research is needed on the complex multi-scalar relationships between climate change and fossil fuel extraction and distribution in the Russian Arctic. Conclusion According to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) program, the area of permafrost, or ground that is permanently

Environ. Res. Lett. 15 EnvironmentalResearchLetters

effects of end-of-the-century projected Antarctic sea ice loss extend much further than the tropics, and are able to produce considerable impacts on Arctic climate. Specifically, our model indicates that the Arctic surface will warm by 1 C and Arctic sea ice extent will decline by 0.5 × 106 km2 in response to future Antarctic sea ice loss.

Comparing and contrasting the behaviour of Arctic and

observed Antarctic increases. KEYWORDS: Antarctic glaciology, Arctic glaciology, atmosphere/ice/ocean interactions, climate change, ice and climate 1. INTRODUCTION The polar regions of the Earth play a key role in determining the nature of global climate. While the tropics and subtropics are regions of net radiative input, there is net

Observed winter salinity fields in the surface layer of the

KEYWORDS: atmosphere/ice/ocean interactions, climate change, polar and subpolar oceans INTRODUCTION The Arctic Ocean is very sensitive to changing environmen-tal conditions. Its surface layer is a key component of the Arctic climate system, which serves as the dynamic and thermodynamic link between the atmosphere and the under-

arctic security in an age of climate change

arctic security in an age of climate change This is the first book to examine Arctic defense policy and military security from the perspective of all eight Arctic states. In light of climate change and melting ice in the Arctic Ocean, Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, and the United States,


countries also maintain sites in the Arctic, thus providing a bi-polar perspective. The concerns of SCAR are echoed in a recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment (IPCC, 2001). The IPCC executive summary calls for an expansion of the observational foundation for climate studies and a better understanding of factors

Antarctic sea-ice models improve for the next IPCC report

the global climate. By improving the simulation of Antarctic sea ice in models, scientists can increase their understanding of the climate system globally and how it will change over time. Better

Structure and function of the Arctic and Antarctic marine

has been paid to the changes caused by climate change in both of the polar regions, such as the record of water fresh-ening [15, 16] and greenhouse gas emission [ 17, 18]. How-ever, there are also differences; surface temperatures over much of the Arctic are continually increasing while at the moment major increases in Antarctic temperatures

Viewpoint: Cold Front Rising As Climate Change Thins Polar

As Climate Change Thins Polar Ice, a New Race for Arctic Resources Begins by Barry S. Zellen Strategic Insights is a bi-monthly electronic journal produced by the Center for Contemporary Conflict at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. The views expressed here are

Curriculum Vitae: Xiangdong Zhang - UAF

Postdoc Fellowship Support for Arctic Climate Study. Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology and Natural Science Foundation of China, Co-PI, July 2015 June 2017. Assessing and Understanding Variability, Changes, and Uncertainties of Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice in the IPCC AR5 Climate Model Simulations.

State of the Climate: New Jersey 2013

Oct 28, 2012 State of the Climate: New Jersey provides an overview of recent climate events and trends, their impacts, and their implications for the future of New Jersey. The changes that we are experiencing in New Jersey will be examined in the context of human-induced climate change, an important driver of recent and future climate trends.

A comparison of Arctic and Antarctic climate change, present

recent Arctic and Antarctic changes, especially the degree to which recent changes are compatible with greenhouse-driven model simulations. Models and data sources Output from the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) AR4 global climate models are used in this study. The IPCC model output archive, maintained by the Program for

Arctic climate change: observed and modelled temperature and

Changes apparent in the arctic climate system in recent years require evaluation in a century-scale perspective in order to assess the Arctic s response to increasing anthropogenic greenhouse-gas forcing. Here, a new set of century-and multidecadal-scale observational data of surface air temperature (SAT) and sea ice is used in combination with

Climate change explained Contents - GOV.UK

As the Arctic warms, sea ice is decreasing rapidly. 7 In the Antarctic, sea ice has slowly increased, driven by local changes in wind patterns and freshening sea water. 8 However, in recent years Antarctic sea ice has stopped growing. 9 Over the past

Science Diplomacy as a New Form of Arctic Governance

solutions for Arctic and Antarctic security dialogue through institutional perspective. Conclusion and Suggestions Due to global warming and climate change, the Arctic region has turned into a very socioecological area - in recent years. When these changes are combined with globalization, many economic opportunities will

A Paleoclimatic Perspective on Abrupt Climate System Change

1)Abrupt change is not exceptional, but rather is a normal way in which the climate system responds to changes in forcing. 2) Regional forcing can trigger widespread changes (global and far-field remote). 3) Abrupt climate change occurs naturally in aspects of climate that are highly relevant to society (e.g., droughts,

Dispersal and climate change: a case study of the Arctic tern

vestigation of many different climate variables, without over-parameterizing statistical models. The Arctic tern is the migratory bird with the longest migrations known, migrating over 40000km annually from the breeding grounds in temperate and Arctic zones to the pack-ice around the Antarctic between 301 and 1501E (Salomonsen, 1967; Cramp

Climate Change and Utah: The Scientific Consensus September

Climate Change and Utah: The Scientific Consensus September 2007 Executive Summary As directed by Governor Jon Huntsman s Blue Ribbon Advisory Council on Climate Change (BRAC), this report summarizes present scientific understanding of climate change and its potential impacts on Utah and the western United States. Prepared by scientists from the

Climate Change: An Investor s Perspective

2. Arctic & Antarctic ice melts faster, turning into water 3. Water and melting ice are less reflective than ice and snow 4. More of the sun s energy is absorbed by the Earth, and less sunlight bounces back into space Example: ice melt changes the reflectivity of the Earth s surface ( surface albedo )

th Symposium on The Impacts of an Ice-Diminishing Arctic on

Jul 13, 2017 1315 1335 ARCTIC BROADBAND INSTALLED ALONG NORTH SLOPE Ms. Elizabeth E. Pierce, CEO, Quintillion 1335 1355 U.S. NAVY ARCTIC ROADMAP UPDATE CDR Kelly Taylor, Deputy Director, Task Force Climate Change, Office of the Oceanographer of the Navy (OPNAV N2N6E6), USN 1355 1415 DANISH PERSPECTIVES

Ocean 506A THE CHANGING ARCTIC OCEAN - an interdisciplinary

of the Arctic System, including: riddles of Arctic Ocean circulation defining roles of the sea-ice cover likely shifts in nutrient regimes and ecosystems and recent explorations of the seafloor, and consider the impacts of Arctic Change on global climat e, native communities, and future exploitation of an ice-free summer ocean.

Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment

Abstract: The Antarctic climate system varies on timescales from orbital, through millennial to sub-annual, and is closely coupled to other parts of the global climate system. We review these variations from the perspective of the geological and glaciological records and the recent historical period from which we have

Source: Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 46(3):600-615

Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2014, pp. 600 615 Regional climate change evidenced by recent shifts in chironomid community composition in subalpine and alpine lakes in the Great Basin of the United States Scott A. Reinemann*‡ David F. Porinchu† and Bryan G. Mark* *Department of Geography, Ohio State

Climate-Change Effects on Alpine Plant Biodiversity: A New

248 / ARCTIC, ANTARCTIC, AND ALPINE RESEARCH introduced herbivores (e.g., McGlone et al., 1997). To a large degree, these relatively recent changes override potential present climate-change signals for rising vegetation lines. Several approaches can be used to study the effects of climate change on mountain biodiversity. Long-term monitoring


Naturally and humanly forced climate change an ice core perspective. Paul Mayewski Climate Change Institute, University of Maine Dr. Mayewski s primary research interest is the interaction between climate change and changes in the chemistry of the atmosphere. He founded the Climate Change Research Center at the University

IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing

including climate feedbacks and teleconnections and paleo perspectives Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and ice shelves, Arctic and Antarctic glaciers, mass change, physics of dynamical instability and accelerated ice discharge; consequences for ocean circulation and biogeochemistry, and sea level

Arctic Marine Transport Workshop

The Arctic is now experiencing and is likely to experience some of the most rapid and severe climate change on Earth. Over the next 100 years, climate change is expected to contribute to major physical, ecological, social and economic changes, many of which have already begun. - Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, November 2004

Disparities in Arctic Health

direct effects of climate change is, of course, an increase in ambient temperature in the Arctic. This warming, in particular, has reduced the amount or extent of sea ice, which is very important for protecting coastal villages from erosion. We also have ice-rich permafrost throughout most of Alaska and parts of the Arctic and this permafrost

DAVID P. SCHNEIDER - Climate & Global Dynamics - CGD

2008 thAn Antarctic perspective on 20-Century climate change: integrating ice core research, observations and quantitative modeling, Leverhulme Climate Symposium, Cambridge and London, UK 2007 Simulation of Arctic climate response to high- and low- latitude volcanic eruptions

Arctic Adaptations and Global Impact - LASP CU-Boulder

There is an Arctic shipping shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans that expedites water travel between Europe and Asia. (False. However, some scientists believe such a pathway could be ice-free and open for travel sometime this century.) The Arctic area is considered an early warning system for climate change.

Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective

2000). In more recent times, over the past century or so, explorers and oceanographers have set sail deep into both the Arctic Ocean (Nansen, 1902) and the Southern Ocean to the coast of the Antarctic continent (Ross, 1847). The mere existence of sea ice, aside from its physical implica-tions for ocean circulation in the high latitudes, has in

CURRICULUM VITA Jennifer A. Francis San Jose State University

Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH) Obs. Change Panel member NRC Study Committee, The Arctic in the Anthropocene: Emerging Arctic Research Questions (2014) NRC Study Committee, Seasonal-to-Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice: Challenges and Strategies (2012) Co-Director Rutgers Climate and Environmental Change Initiative


CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE POLAR REGIONS The polar regions have experienced some remarkable environmental changes in recent decades, such as the Antarctic ozone hole, the loss of large amounts of sea ice from the Arctic Ocean and major warming on the Antarctic Peninsula. The polar regions are also

White Mountain Arctic

Zealand perspective on quantifying the threat. Arctic, Antarctic, and alpine Research ñ(): î ð ô‐ ñ ð. Kimball, K. D. and D. M. Weihrauch. î ì ì ì. Alpine vegetation communities and the alpine‐treeline ecotone boundary in New England as biomonitors for climate change. USDA Forest Service Proceedings í ñ(): õ ï‐ ì í.

The Arctic Ozone Layer - Environment and Climate Change Canada

Interactions with Climate Change, the 2005 Arctic Climate Impact Assessment and the special March 2008 issue of Atmosphere-Ocean: Ozone Science in 2007: A Canadian Perspective on Ozone in the Changing Atmosphere. During the 1990s when the Arctic atmosphere was unusually cold, scientists observed extensive

Annual Report FY2015 - Home - Climate Change Institute

Science Reports on Antarctic Climate Change Research - Mayewski, Kurbatov, Spaulding, & Introne Providing Climate Context - UMaine scientists help establish link in past abrupt climate changes in Arctic, Antarctic Kreutz Mayewski Delivers Keynote at Maine Emergency Management Conference, Media Report

Effects of solar UV radiation on aquatic ecosystems and

climate change† D.-P. H ader,¨ a H. D. Kumar,b R. C. Smithc and R. C. Worrestd Received 2nd January 2007, Accepted 2nd January 2007 First published as an Advance Article on the web 25th January 2007 DOI: 10.1039/b700020k Recent results continue to show the general consensus that ozone-related increases in UV-B radiation

2017 NISAR SeaIce Applications Workshop

for the Arctic spring, when the Arctic is still largely frozen and there is less ship traffic in the marginal seas. From a scientific perspective, the sea ice community sees NISAR as providing continuous coverage, with a strong preference in terms of scientific interests for greater Arctic coverage than greater Antarctic coverage.

Governing environmental security in the Arctic: the

Shah Ahmed Shihab Chowdhury: Governing environmental security in the Arctic: the perspective of the Arctic Council on climate change, fossil fuel exploration and shipping operation. Master s Thesis, 70 pages Administrative Science April 2017 Abstract Global climate change is one of the most pressing environmental issues in the history of