Impact Of Bone Mineral Measurements On Osteoporosis
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The history of bone densitometry - Panorama Ortho
Bone densitometry (dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-DXA) is a vital medical tool needed for the diagnosis of osteoporosis in non-fractured patients; predicting future fracture risk; and monitoring bone mineral density (BMD) in untreated or treated patients. The history of the pivotal international society involved in the science
Journal of Osteoporosis & Physical emer, steoor hys Act
to increase the bone mass in the lumbar region. Their bone mineral density in the lumbar bone region however decreased significantly (p<0.05) from 1.15 to 0.98 g/cm2, indicating a 15% decrease in LBMD. In that year her body weight decreased with 16% from 73.5 kg to 62 kg and her %body fat with 30% to 21% and her BMI with 20% to 21.7kg/m2.
Bone (Mineral) Density Studies - 11/16/2018
A bone mineral density (BMD) study is a non-invasive technique that is used to measure bone mineral content and bone mineral density. Its primary role is to detect osteoporosis and to predict the risk of fractures. Osteoporosis is a disease that results in the loss of bone mineral content or bone density.
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WHO SCIENTIFIC GROUP ON THE ASSESSMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS AT
Consequences of osteoporosis 7 Bone mineral measurements and diagnosis of osteoporosis 8 Clinical risk factors for fracture 8 Assessment tools for case-finding 9 Assessment and the formulation of therapeutic strategy 10 Recommendations for research 10 References 11 Acknowledgements 12 List of participants 13
Bone health in ambulatory individuals with multiple sclerosis
associated with femoral bone mass in women with MS who are ambulatory. Key words: bone mineral content, bone mineral density, calca-neal qualitative ultrasound, fat mass, glucocorticoid medication, lean mass, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, physical activity, rehabilitation, women. INTRODUCTION Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of
Bone Mineral Density Improvement After Lung Volume Reduction
Background: In patients with severe emphysema, bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced and the risk of osteoporosis is increased. Study objectives: To identify the impact of lung volume reduction surgery on BMD. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital.
The Impact of Alendronate on Bone Mineral Density of
The results of bone mineral density along with the patient s demographic information (age, weight, height and gender) were all extracted from the patients medical reports. All the patients who had at least 2 bone mineral densitometry with an interval of 1.5 to 2 years were asked by phone calls about consumption of
Changes in bone mineral density after total parathyroidectomy
The impact of surgical intervention on bone health in secondary hyper-parathyroidism remains uncertain, especially total para-thyroidectomy without autotransplantation. Thus, in this study, we sought to investigate the effect of total parathyroidectomy without autotransplantation on bone mineral density in the end-stage renal disease
Prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis
Risk factor assessments and bone mineral density (BMD) measurements can identify patients at risk of osteoporotic fractures. A decrease in bone density is associated with an increased risk of fractures. In general, bone mass increases during childhood and adolescence to reach a peak level by the third decade of life.
Evidence Book Risk of Bone Fracture - NASA
whole bone strength is determined by measuring a surrogate, such as the mineral density of bone. In particular, the measurement of bone mineral density [BMD] by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry [DXA], an x-ray based imaging technology, has been the gold standard surrogate for bone strength for ~ 15 years.
Impact of degenerative Original Article
mean bone mineral density was 0.783g/cm 2 and the mean T-score was 3.47 DP. Neither fractures nor aortic calcifications had significant influence on bone mineral density (P = 0.36 and P = 0.09, respectively), despite the fractured vertebrae having greater bone mineral density (P < 0.02). Patients with lumbar spine osteophytes showed greater bone
Risk of Bone Fracture due to Spaceflight- induced Changes to Bone
May 12, 2017 Declines in bone mineral density (BMD) occur during spaceflight at averaged loss rates between 1-1.5% per month for normally weight-bearing skeletal sites on Earth (e.g., hip, lumbar spine, lower limbs of body).
Bone Mineral Densities in Commercial Airline Pilots: An Issue
prevention strategies for osteoporosis can be made at a much earlier stage in vulnerable groups of pilots, which will help to positively impact on their future lives. Keywords: Bone mineral densities; Osteoporosis; Bone disorders; Pilots
Assessment of Bone Mineral Density in Tenofovir-Treated
concerns focus primarily on the reported adverse impact on bone mineral density (BMD). Evaluation of TDF in random-ized, controlled clinical trials revealed that it decreased BMD in HIV-infected patients [7,10,11],and cases of bone fractures and or osteomalacia have also been reported [12 15].Observa-
Abtin Doroudinia, MD,* and Patrick M Colletti, MD
Fracture risk markedly increases when bone mineral density is less than 1 g/cm2. Bone mineral measurements establish baseline di-agnostic measurements in the evaluation of patients with suspected osteopenia andosteoporosis and can follow the course of therapy. Risk factors for osteoporosis include female gender, Caucasian or Asian
Could obesity be considered as risk factor for non-vertebral
Keywords: Osteoporosis, Bone mineral density measurements, Low-impact fractures, Clinical risk factors, Obesity, BMI Background Obesity and osteoporosis (OP) are two major public health problems with increasing prevalence worldwide and high impact on morbidity and mortality [1 3]. Osteoporosis is a silent metabolic bone disease charac-
Classification of Osteoporosis Based on Bone Mineral Densities
BONE MINERAL density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) values are used to diagnose osteoporosis.(1) According to the World Health Organization (WHO) work-ing group,(2) white women whose BMD or BMC values are below 22.5 T score compared with young normal adults are considered to have osteoporosis. Although based on the
Radi BoneDensity slide11 - AAPC
4. In this series of DXAs, the hip measurements, rather than spine measurements (scoliosis), are more likely to accurately reflect true change in bone mineral density. COMMENTS: 1. The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends initiation of therapy in postmenopausal women and in men age 50
Bone Mineral Density Measurement - Cigna
Testing of bone mineral density (BMD) is useful for screening and monitoring therapy in people at high risk for osteoporosis (e.g., postmenopausal women, patients with hyperparathyroidism or other bone disorders, or those being treated with medications associated with bone loss [e.g., glucocorticoids]), if evidence of bone loss would
Monitoring Osteoporosis Treatment: DXA Should Not Be
Oct 01, 2010 mittee. What is the role of serial bone mineral density measurements in patient management? J Clin Densitom. 2002;5(suppl):S29-S38. 9. NIH Consensus Development Panel on Osteoporosis Prevention, Diag-
Impact of adding distal forearm DXA to hip and spine
controversy exists about the optimal site (s) for bone mineral density (BMD) measurement. The objective was to find out impact of adding distal forearm BMD to hip and spine measurements on final diagnosis of a DXA study.
Validation of a Revised Food Frequency Questionnaire in a
Osteoporosis Impact Osteoporosis is defined by the National Institutes of Health as: a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength predisposing to an increased risk of fracture. Bone strength reflects the integration of two main features : bone density and bone quality (National Institutes of Health, 2000).
Hologic Bone Densitometry and the Evolution of DXA
bone mass or osteoporosis. Precision reflects the ability to measure the reproducible value important because measurements performed at different times may be used to monitor the impact of aging, disease or treatment of the patient. Hologic developed its Internal Reference System and Anthropomorphic QC Spine Phantom specifically to achieve
Osteoporosis and Diseases Associated with High Bone Turnover
Fracture risk is primarily based on measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) in conjunction with other genetic and environmental factors, such as a family history of osteoporosis, history of smoking, and weight.
Bone Mineral Density in Female Professional Athletes Involved
drop-outs) difference in bone mineral density (BMD) values between exercise and control groups at the 5% level of significance. Subjects signed an informed writ-ten consent. Anthropometric measurements Measurement of height and weight was conducted with participants in light clothing and without shoes by
Effects of high-impact exercise on bone mineral density: a
high-impact exercise is eﬀective in improving bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and upper femur in premenopausal women, and the results of the study may be generalized at the population level. This type of training may be an eﬃcient, safe, and inexpensive way to prevent osteoporosis later in life.
Bone Mineral Density Loss after SCI: Diagnosis
organization-criteria-diagnosis-osteoporosis/) Bone health is based on the T score, a standardized score that identifies the number of standard deviations away bone density is from values for young healthy women.
A Prospective, Controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the
costs. The impact of this global systemic disease is calculated to rise above $25 billion by the year 2025 and could even rise to $581 billion by 2050 (Si et al. 2015). Osteoporosis is defined as a skeletal disease, characterized by a low density of bone tissues. Bone can be considered a liv-
Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Densitometer Type and Osteoporosis Assessment 263 Journal of Clinical Densitometry Volume 8, 2005 Bone Mineral Density Measurements The mean BMD values obtained with the DMS Challenger device were higher by 12% at the spine, 13% at the femoral neck, and 17% at the trochanter, as compared to values obtained on the Hologic QDR4500 device. These
Impact of Calcium and Two Doses of Vitamin D on Bone
Impact of Calcium and Two Doses of Vitamin D on Bone Metabolism in the Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial Maya Rahme, MSc, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Calcium Metabolism and Osteoporosis Program, WHO Collaborating Center for Metabolic Bone Disorders, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut-Lebanon
KDIGO CKD-MBD QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
factors for osteoporosis, suggest bone mineral density (BMD) testing to assess fracture risk if results will impact treatment decisions. (2B) (3.2.2) It is reasonable to perform a bone biopsy if knowledge of the type of renal osteodystrophy will impact treatment decisions. (Not Graded) (3. 2 3) Suggest that measurements of serum
Bone Density Loss Is Associated With Blood Cell Counts
Bone Density Loss Is Associated With Blood Cell Counts Rodrigo J Valderrabano,1 Li-Yung Lui,2 Jennifer Lee,1,3 Steven R Cummings,2 Eric S Orwoll,4 Andrew R Hoffman,1,3 and Joy Y Wu1; for the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study Research Group
Bone Mass Measurement - WellCare
establish the diagnosis of osteoporosis and provide a baseline if one is needed. Bone mass measurement (BMM) is considered medically necessary if ANY of the following criteria are met: A woman determined to be estrogen-deficient and at clinical risk for osteoporosis based on medical history, age and other findings; OR,
Impact of the Requirement of Bone Mineral Density Evidence on
Osteoporosis also incur significant clinical and economic burden in Taiwan. The results of Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan from 2002 to 2008 showed nearly one in two women and one in four men above 50 years old have a low bone mineral density (BMD) and is defined as osteoporosis.7 According to our previous study using the National Health
Diet, nutrition and the prevention of osteoporosis
bone size and, depending on the skeletal site and the nature of the study population, BA can be an inﬂuential determinant of BMD as well as of BMC7,28.In epidemiological studies, failure to correct bone mineral measurements fully for BA can lead tospurious or inﬂated relationships with other variables that are themselves
Differences in Bone Mineral Density Among Adolescent Female
Osteoporosis is identified on the basis of bone mineral density (BMD). According to the WHO (2004), an individual who has a BMD value between 1 and 2.5 standard deviations below the average value in a young reference population is classified as having low bone mass, in other words having osteopenia (a T-score that is <-1 or >-2.5).
Bone mass and bone turnover in premenopausal women with
Bone Mineral Density Measurements World Health Organization (WHO) criteria established for osteoporosis in women was used for the diagnosis of osteoporosis . Lumbar spine and left proximal femur bone mineral density (BMD) were measured using Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) on a Hologic DPX densitometer (Hologic Corp., Waltham,
Original Article Impact of MPV and PDW on bone mineral
Abstract: Platelet functions are related to bone resorption and formation. This present study aimed to study the impact of mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) on bone mineral density (BMD) values and their relationship with the prevalence of osteoporosis in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).