Orbital Tumors

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Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Orbital Tumors of Various

orbital tumors of the lower medial and lower lateral location. Not effective for the location of the orbital tumors in the area of the intramuscular funnel, can be used for open biopsy of a diffuse tumor. Results Figure 2: The child is 10 years old. Cavernous angioma. CT scan before operation.


orbital tumors the pseudotumors followed by dermoids occurs most frequently7. Hemangioma was found to be the commonest by Ingalls and Reese. On the contrary meningioma was reported to be the commonest by Dandy and pleomorphic adenoma of lacrimal gland topped the list of primary orbital tumors in the studies of Forrest, Dass and Mohan et al.

Surgical approaches to the orbit - The past and the present

Apr 28, 2021 Orbital Tumors A B S T R A C T Tumors may occur in any part of the orbit. Their management demands either total excision or biopsy samples obtained through orbitotomy. The key to appropriate surgical management is a thorough knowledge of the anatomy and correct approach to reach the different spaces. The safest yet the most

Isolated enophthalmos: an uncommon gateway to orbital tumors

to orbital tumors in pediatrics: 9 month-old female presenting with isolated enophthalmos as the unique sign of a metastatic orbital tumor: a case report Sara Touhami1* and Emmanuel Bui-Quoc2 Abstract Background: If extra-axial proptosis is by far the most common symptom of infantile malignant orbital tumors, enophthalmos is a rare and

Orbital Mass in a Child - mdeye.org

Orbital Tumors/Lesions in Children Malformations Choristomas -Hemangioma, Lymphangioma, Varix, Neurofibroma Primary Neoplasms - Glioma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, fibrous dysplasia Secondary tumors Astrocytoma, medulloepithelioma Metastatic tumors Neuroblastoma, Wilm s , Ewing s sarcoma Leukemias / Lymphoma

Radiotherapy for primary orbital tumors patterns of care

Radiotherapy for primary orbital tumors patterns of care and treatment outcomes. Y. Lim 1Seoul National University Hospital, Radiation Oncology, Seoul, Korea Republic of. 1, I.H. Kim1. Purpose or Objective: Although radiation therapy (RT) is widely used in orbital tumors, the clinical use of ophthalmic

Study of Orbital tumors in a tertiary care eye hospital

cone.7 Orbital tumors are classified into primary and secondary orbital tumors.2Primary orbital tumors include benign and malignant neoplasms. The direct extension from contiguous anatomical structures, lymphoproliferative disorders, and hematogenous metastasis result in secondary orbital invasion.6 Also the proximity of the paranasal

An introductory overview of orbital tumors

Orbital tumors constitute a heterogeneous array of le-sions (Table 1) and, as such, pose numerous challenges in terms of diagnosis, imaging and management. 2,5 Given the variety of structures within the relatively confined orbit, a systematic approach is necessary to understand the classi-fication and clinical features of orbital tumors. Schemat-

Experience with Orbital Tumors from a Tertiary Cancer Centre

Orbital Tumors Chowdhury et al. Introduction Orbital malignancies are an important group of disorders presenting in all age groups. Malignant tumors of the orbit may originate either from the primary orbital tissues includ-ing the eyeball, or may invade from surrounding structures like eyelids, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, or cranial cav-

Case Report Orbital leiomyosarcoma metastasis presenting

orbital tumors are thought to originate in primitive repli-cating cells associated with blood vessels in the poste-rior orbit and possibly Mueller s muscle when present in the anterior orbit. In metastatic lesions, the primary tumors are often pelvic, cutaneous, or gastrointestinal in origin.

Chapter 2 Nonmalignant Tumors of the Orbit

meningoceles and encephaloceles, can involve the orbit via the orbital fissures or bony defects [3]. 2.3 Vascular Tumors Vascular lesions are the second most common orbital tumors in children and the most common orbital tumors in adults [1, 5]. There is some debate as to the classi-fication and naming of these tumors.

USCAP 2016 Primary Orbital Tumors FINAL

Orbital Lymphangioma Management Complete orbital excision is usually not possible Limited excision indicated for ocular damage or severe cosmetic deformities Treatment with oral sildenafil (experimental) Schwannoma/Neurilemmoma Neurilemmoma Schwannomasaccount for about 1 2% of all tumors in the orbit.


Orbital tumors can be classified based on origin: 1) Primary lesions, which originate from the orbit itself; 2) Secondary lesions, which extend to the orbit from neighboring structures and include such lesions as intracranial tumors and tumors of the paranasal sinuses that, by contiguity, extend to involve the orbit; and

Orbital Neoplasms in Adults: Clinical, Radiologic, and

counting for 1% of all orbital tumors (1). Patients typically present in the 5th decade of life (mean age, 41 years), and the tumor has no gender pre-dilection (8,9). Proptosis and palpable mass are common clinical manifestations. Pain, diplopia, and decreased visual acuity are less common signs (3,8). Hemangiopericytomas range from

Epidemiological Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects of Orbital

Orbital tumors 62 43.6 Tumors secondary extended 25 18.2 to orbit Metastasis 5 3.5 Indetermined forms 18 12.2 Primitive orbital tumors 14 9.8 Orbital traumatism 44 30.8 Contusion 37 25.9 Intra orbital foreign bodies 3 2.1 Suspicion of orbital fracture 4 2.8 Inflammatory diseases 31 21.7 Acute Inflammation (Orbital cellulitis) 22 15.4

From the Archives of the AFIP

Nonosseous, extraocular orbital tumors are un-common in children and represent a different his-tologic spectrum than is seen in adults. Most of these lesions are mesenchymal in origin. The most common mesenchymal tumor of childhood is rhabdomyosarcoma, which may arise in or in-vade the orbit in young children. Vasculogenic

Multisession Gamma Knife surgery for benign orbital tumors

benign orbital tumors. Methods Patient Population Between April 2004 and December 2010, 46 patients with orbital tumors underwent GKS at our center. Nine patients were excluded because they had malignant tu-mors or had received fractionated external beam radiation treatment or concomitant local or systemic chemothera-py.


patients with orbital tumors for the period 2001-2005. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was carried out of 28 patients with orbital tumors for the period 2001-2005. Results: The study includes 28 patients with diagnosis Orbital tumor - 17 males and 11 females. The greater number being in the sixth and the seventh decade -17 patients

Classification and Incidence of Space-Occupying Lesions of

tion of orbital tumors and related conditions and to determine the fre¬ quency of biopsy-proved orbital space-occupying lesions in a large ophthal¬ mic hospital during a 20-year period. Although this series also has unavoid¬ able bias, it does represent patients who came initially to ophthalmolo¬ gists with orbital space-occupying lesions

Pediatric Orbital Tumors and Lacrimal Drainage System

Dermoid cyst is the most common orbital tumor of children Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common malignant tumor of children Infantile hemangioms are effectively treated with propranolol Dacryocystocele below MCT consider imaging if in doubt Rule out meningoencephalocele Clinical Finding

Author affiliations: University of Montreal Vijayabalan

The differential diagnosis of orbital tumors is extensive. Lymphoid tumors and inflammatory disorders (idio-pathic orbital inflammation, inflammation related to a systemic disorder) are the two most common causes of lesions in the lacrimal gland area. Epithelial tumors


6. Orbital exenteration for deep invasive lesions 7. Irradiation for recurrent cases e. Nevoid basal call carcinoma syndrome (Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome) Autosomal dominant, 0.7% of basal cell tumors, multiple basal cell tumors, odontogenic keratocysts bifid ribs, plantar and palmar pits, 3. Squamous Cell Carcinoma a. General considerations 1.

The Pattern of Orbital Tumors on B-scan in Suspected Cases of

evaluate intra-orbital tumors but also for anterior chamber evaluation, vitreous, retina, optic nerve and extraocular musculature can be evaluated on echogram. Orbital tumors are tumors, which primarily originate from orbital contents or extension from cranial cavity and nasal sinuses. These tumors can

Benign orbital angiomatous tumors with intracranial extension

Orbital tumors although relatively rare with an esti-mated incidence of around 3 cases in one million people comprise a variety of benign and malignant neoplastic entities [1, 2]. Given that the orbit is encircled laterally and posteriorly by bony walls, these tumors as space-consuming lesions become most often clinically evident

Orbital Tumors - Saint Francis Veterinary Center of South Jersey

Orbital umors T BASIC INFORMATION Description The orbit is the bony socket that surrounds most of the eyeball. Within the orbit are the eyeball, the muscles of the eye, fat, nerves, blood vessels, and tear glands. Primary tumors of the orbit arise from one of these tissues. Secondary tumors arise from nearby struc-

Orbital lesions, an exceedingly rare site of neuroendocrine

Neuroendocrine tumors; orbital metastases; somatostatin analogues. Access this article online. Quick Response Code: Website: www.jcmtjournal.com. DOI: 10.20517/2394-4722.2016.41. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License, which allows

Metastasis to the Eye and Orbit

otherwise hidden multifocal tumors. Orbital tumors are evaluated with CT and/or MRI. Total body PET/CT imaging can be used for systemic staging or to detect occult primary cancers. Photography is an important tool for management of tumors within and around the eye. Since these tumors can grow quickly, documentation of tumor

Combined Fat- and Water-Suppressed MR Imaging of Orbital Tumors

Orbital Tumors Alan Jackson, Scott Sheppard, Andrew C. Johnson, Deborah Annesley, Roger D. Laitt, and Andrea Kassner BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The use of a high-resolution T2-weighted MR sequence, which suppresses signal from both fat and water, has been shown to be highly effective for depicting areas of inflammatory damage within the optic nerve.

1 Pediatric Orbital Tumors

Pediatric Orbital Tumors Benign Malignant 10 Which enlarge more rapidly in children benign, or malignant tumors? Both can enlarge rapidly, so don t use this to differentiate between them What is the typical presentation of an orbital tumor? Rapid unilateral proptosis +/-lid edema With what non-neoplastic process is tumor presentation often

Benign Orbital Neurilemoma

fibromatosis and make up 1% of orbital tumors.4-9Theyrarely, if ever, undergoma-lignantchange.2,10-17 This paper describes, to this author's knowledge,thefirstreported case ofsarcoma-tous transformation of a benign neurilemo-ma oftheorbit. Reportofa Case A 27-year-old white woman (51-38-29) was first seen at the University of Illinois Eye

Standardized Echography in the Diagnosis of Orbital Tumors

muscle pathology, orbital tumors, optic nerve pathol-ogy, preseptal lesions, and the lacrimal glands. Most of the remarks in this article are devoted to its oncologic applications. Standardized A-scan imaging can detect lesions of 2.0 to 3.0 mm in the anterior and mid orbit and of 1.0to 5.0 mm in the posterior orbit. Lesions are seen as low


years despite complete extirpation of orbital con-tents.20 Orbital invasion also was an independent prognostic factor in a series of 95 tumors of the maxillary sinus, and T4 tumors with orbital inva-sion had a worse prognosis than other T4 tumors.19 Nevertheless, agreement has not been reached on the degree of orbital invasion that is

Multidisciplinary Approach in Managing Orbital Tumors in

Multidiciplinary approach in managing orbital tumors in Ibadan, Nigeria Clinical Medicine: Oncology 2008:2 Patients had postoperative external beam radiotherapy. Discussion Lateral orbitotomy has evolved over the years. It was fi rst used in 18891 and had since modifi ed by various workers. 2,3 It is less invasive than the tran-

Management ofOrbital Thmors - Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Orbital tumors are uncommon. In children, both malignant and benign causes of orbital proptosis necessitateurgentassessment; in manycases, emergentinterventionis necessaryto avoid blindness. In adults, proptosis is most commonly associated with thyroid orbitopathy. Orbital tumors in adults

Differential diagnosis of orbital tumors in children

May 31, 2017 Orbital tumors in children are very rare and radiologic image, as magnetic resonance, is extremely important for correct diagnosis. We report six cases of different diagnosis of orbital tumors, comparing their images and clinical aspects. Radiologic images are essential for determine specific diagnosis in most cases of pediatric orbital pathology.


PEDIATRIC ORBITAL TUMORS RADIOTHERAPY PLANNING. IAEA Pediatric Radiation Oncology Training Dr Laskar Version 1 June 2009 ANATOMY. IAEA Pediatric Radiation Oncology

Pediatric orbital tumors - An overview

Pediatric orbital tumors - An overview Rachna Meel, Pallavi Singh Department of Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology Services, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India Abstract The spectrum of pediatric orbital tumors differsfrom that of adults and further varies according to age.

NMR Imaging in the Evaluation of Orbital Tumors

extraconal tumors, five of tumors invading the orbit, and one peri­ orbital lesion. The scans were obtained in a steady-state free­ precession sequence. Each section took 2 min to produce and was 1 cm thick. Results and Discussion In NMR as in CT, orbital examinations display the orbs, extraocu­