Gender Differences In Attributions For Success And Failure

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Sex Differences in Mathematical Ability: An Application of

Fechner-Bates, Suzanne, Sex Differences in Mathematical Ability: An Application of Attribution Theory of Achievement Motivation (1986). Master's Theses. 3857.

Mental toughness and attributions of failure in

Burton, 2004) or injury (Andrews & Chen, 2014). It may be theorized that genders differences in control attributions following a competit ive failure may be expected due to different coping patterns. The aim of this study is to examine the how ment al toughness and the generalizability attribution dimensions


01: There are no significant gender differences in the students causal attributions for success and failure. In order to test this hypothesis, the participants causal attributions for success and failure by gender were analyzed to find the mean and the standard deviation. The results are presented in Table 1. Table 1

Talent versus Effort: Effects of Gender Differences In Music

importance of talent and effort to that student s success or failure. It was expected that attributions of talent and effort would be different for male and female students. It was found that there are some pattern differences in these attributions.

LNCS 5621 - Antecedents of Attributions in an Educational

gender can be a factor. Gender differences have had conflicting results in the literature, with some researchers finding that women tend towards more maladaptive patterns of attributing success and failure, and others finding no difference (see [4], or [5], for a discussion). Finally, a factor more recently thought to influence attributions


Gender differences in causal attributions and emotions to success and failure were investigated. Males took more credit for success but less responsibility for failure, and felt more confident than did. females. Following failure, females felt more like a failure than. did males. Some of the gender differences in causal attributions, especially

Attributions to Success and Failure in English Language

study were internal and that the variables of gender, year group and language studied showed clear differences in attribution for success and failure. Ushioda (2001) found that respondents who were university French learners attributed success to internal locus while attributions for failure were external. In contrast, Gobel and Mori (2007)

International Journal of English Language and Literature Studies

attributions towards success and failure can radically affect performance. Yan and Li (2008) pose the same idea and maintain that the central tenet of attribution theory is the learner s perception of the causes of success or failure which affects profoundly the future performance. Weiner (1986) presented four main series of causal attributions.

Sex differences in attributions and learned helplessness

failure to a lack of ability, an uncontrollable internal factor. The implication of such attributions is that failure is perceived as insurmountable and unavoidable. Many studies have examined possible attributional differences underlying learned helplessness (e.g., Diener & Dweck, 1978; Dweck & Reppucci, 1973;

Causal Attributions for Failure and the Effect of Gender

conducted an investigation of Moroccan English learners perceptions of failure and measured gender differences in learners attributions. 2.5 Causal attributions and gender difference A considerable number of research in causal attributions for success and failure has focuse d on the effect of gender on learners attributional styles.

Gender Differences in the Accuracy of Self-Evaluations of

Gender Differences in the Accuracy making external attributions for success, women do not take 1980), estimates of future success and failure (Alloy & Ahrens, 1987), and in assessments of

Gender Differences in Beliefs About the Influence of Ability

Gender Differences in Beliefs About Ability and Effort 149 attribute success to stable factors such as ability, whereas women are more likely than men to at-tribute success to unstable factors such as effort (Cramer & Oshima, 1992; Deaux, 1984). Deaux (1984) has argued that different attributions made by men and women are due to the different


Gender Differences in Success-Failure Attribution 9 Cohesion and Success-Failure Attribution 11 Hypotheses 14 II. METHOD 17 Design 17 Subjects 17 Procedure 17 III. RESULTS 22 Exclusions 22 Results for Manipulation Checks for Cohesion and Outcome 22 Fate of the Hypotheses 24 Additional Findings 28 IV. DISCUSSION 39 Effects of Success-Failure 39

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Riggs, Michael B., Causal attributions for success and failure: Differences between selected high school and college team sport athletes (1993). Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers.

The Causal Relationships between Attribution Styles

connect with related causal attributions for success and failure, emphasis on learning versus performance goals, selection of strategies for accomplishing the task and managing failure and frustration, and so on. In the connection, Kitsantas and Zimmerman (1998) investigated

Girls and Mathematics - A Hopeless Issue? A Control-Value

Stipek and Gralinsky's (1991) study on gender differences in emotional responses to success and failure in mathematics. This study was conceptually based on Weiner's (1985) attributional theory which posits that discrete emotional experiences are elicited by the attributions for success and failure endorsed by the student.

Reactions to Failure in Gender Non-Traditional Occupations

cause ofa female's success. Rewards Gender differences in attributions for success have led to discrepancies in reward allocation to men and women. When observing stimulus persons performing out-of-role (a woman behaving in a masculine manner, i.e., aggressive, or a man behaving in a feminine manner,

Gender differences in academic motivation of secondary school

butions of failure to the teacher, to the lack of effort, and to low ability (see Table 1). Table 1. Differences of averages in causal attributions for success and failure found in secondary school students (p< 05) VARIABLE GENDER N AVG Sx t p Attribute failure to teacher Boy Girl 236 285 48.72 40.76 30.81 30.18 -2.96 0031 *

〈Articles〉Gender Differences in Causal Attributions in

questionnaire regarding either success or failure. At both sites the questionnaire was completed within 15-20 minutes. Results Research Question One: Are There Differences in Success Causal Attributions Based on Gender and Country? Descriptive Statistics. Table 1 shows the means of the success attribution scores

Gender, Female Traditionality, Achievement Level, and

Gender, Female Traditionality, Achievement Level, and Cognitions of Success and Failure Rebecca M. Wiegers and Irene Hanson Frieze University of Pittsburgh Differences in ratings of initial expectancy of success, perceived scholastic ability, and causal attributions were assessed for male and female


ATTRIBUTIONS OF SUCCESS Callahan and Hébert (2014) s critical analysis of the literature showed differences among gifted males and females when it comes to general attributions of success and specific discipline attribution. Generally, gifted boys attribute academic success to ability and failures to a lack of effort (Hébert & Schreiber, 2010).

A study of the gender differences on spreadsheet grades for

Hawi (2010), speculates that the causal attributions for success and failure are learning strategy, lack of study, lack of practice, subject difficulty, lack of effort, appropriate teaching method, exam anxiety, cheating, lack of time, and unfair treatment (p.

A Longitudinal Examination of African American Adolescents

Developmental, gender, and academic domain differences in causal attributions and the influence of attribu-tions on classroom engagement were explored longitudinally in 115 African American adolescents. In Grades 8 and 11, adolescents reported attributions for success and failure in math, English and writing, and science.

Teachers' attributions and beliefs about Girls, Boys and

which much of the work on gender and mathematics has been conducted. Gender differences in mathematics are a complex issue which can be explored from different angles and perspectives. A popular interest in gender differences in mathematics was reflected in, for example, the widely

Gender Differences in Expectancies for Success and

expectations are confirmed and females tend to attribute the failure to a lack of ability. Thus, whether there is success or failure, the typi cal female pattern of attributions fosters low expectations for achieve ment and, consequently, poor performance. If this model is correct, then it is possible that the gender differences generally found

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teacher attributions. Results also indicated that students who made internal or stable attributions for success had higher self-efficacy beliefs than students who made external or unstable attributions. Students who made unstable or internal attributions for failure also had higher self-efficacy than those who made stable or external attributions.

Boys and girls attribution of performance in learning

achievement attributions of Greek Cypriot students and gender differences were found, with females attributing their achievement to effort more than males did. In addition, Boruchovitch, (2004) conducted a study on causal attributions for success and failure among Brazilian students. The results indicated that males in this

University students' attributions towards academic success or

that the students consistently attributed success to internal factors and failure to external causes. Gender and age differences in attribution were not statistically significant. The study recommends further research with a larger sample to produce more generalisable results and the need for more interaction between lecturers and learners to

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ATHLETE ATTRIBUTIONS FOR SUCCESS AND FAILURE 10 failed to find such gender differences in attributions in sport (e.g., Grove et al., 1991; Mark et al., 1984). It was therefore considered of interest to explore whether the self-derogatory attributional patterns identified over 20 years ago in

Children's Attributions for Success and Failure: Effects of

Children's Attributions for Success and Failure: Effects of Age and Attentional Focus Allan Wigfield Institute for Social Research University of Michigan This study was an assessment of how children's achievement attributions were influenced by their age, attentional focus, gender, and success or failure experience. Older and younger

Gender differences in academic motivation of secondary school

Gender differences were not found in academic self-concept, in intrinsic mo- tivation, in success-related attributions and in performance attained in Mathematics. Discussion : Results suggest that differences exist in the cognitive-motivational functioning

Educational Utility, Racial Socialization and Academic

possibilities (success/failure due to effort, ability, or teacher treatment), and the student rated the importance on a 4-point scale of each of the three in explaining their success/failure. For the current analyses, attributions of success to ability or effort and attributions of failure to lack of effort were averaged across the four academic

Gender differences in young children's math ability attributions

the gender differences in attributions of success and failure observed in her study could not be explained by actual performance differences because, within the success and failure

Computers & Education

1.1. Gender differences in attributions of failure In an early study, Deaux and Emswiller (1974) found that the (successful) performance of male stimulus persons was more likely to be attributed to their skills (internal attribution), whereas the performance of the female stimulus persons was more likely to be attributed to luck (external

Gender Differences in Attributions for Success and Failure

gender differences on attributions for success and failure between content areas. Stipek (1984) demonstrated some differences when subjects were asked to respond to actual test results on mathematics and spelling tests. This study was designed to examine attributional choices of girls and boys to hypothesize success and failure situations in dif

Gender and Domain Differences in College Studentsâ Ž

attributions for success and failure. Weiner s traditional model of attributions for success and failure (Weiner et al., 1972) proposes that people interpret their performance for any achievement-related outcome in terms of four causes: ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck.

Motivation Research in Writing: Theoretical and Empirical

attributions for success and failure. For each component we also offer general instructional recommendations gleaned from the literature. Next we discuss how these components play a role in writing motivation, with particular emphasis on self-efficacy for writing skills versus writing tasks.


research on gender and mathematics are explored in a glossary in the supplementary materials. Attitudes and beliefs Attributions for success/failure in mathematics Confidence as a learner of mathematics Female domain Gender difference Gender equity Gender equity model (explaining gender differences in mathematics) Gender stereotype

Gender Differences in the Academic Locus of Control Beliefs

Failure, if more consistent with the self-stereotype, should in turn be attributed to a stable internal attribute, most typi-cally a lack of ability, (pp. 342-343) Empirically, Deaux and Farris (1977) found the predicted gender differences in ability attributions as well as evidence that females more often cite luck for success, whereas


Attributions about Achievement Outcomes (Under the direction of Beth Kurtz-Costes) Developmental, gender and academic domain differences in casual attributions and the influence of these attributions on classroom engagement were explored in 115 African American adolescents. Adolescents reported their attributions for success and failure in