The Neural Time Course Of Semantic Ambiguity Resolution In Speech Comprehension

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Natural Language Processing

Language modelling, part-of-speech tagging, parsing, word sense disambiguation, semantic parsing, coreference resolution, discourse coherence modelling Focus on: Basic linguistics needed to understand NLP issues Algorithms and problem setups

ISBPAC Programme Thursday 24th May

Sentence comprehension in heritage bilingual children Vicky Chondrogianni 10.15 - 10.45 Coffee break Talks 1: Morphology Chair: Bilal Kırkıcı 10.45 - 11.15 T01 The time-course of verbal morphology anticipation: When interpreting experience makes a difference Cristina Lozano-Argüelles, Nuria Sagarra & Joseph Casillas

Vrije Universiteit Brussel The interaction between bilingual

[P2.3] Resolution of anaphora ambiguity in L2 Nikos Amvrazis [P2.4] Impact of L2 literacy on language production and cognition in healthy bi-literate -bilingual adults Anusha Balasubramanian, Arpita Bose, & Ianthi Tsimpli [P2.5] Age of acquisition effect on the second language learning Aleksandra S. Bub & Olga V. Nagel

Lee Osterhout Address Department of Psychology University of

Participating Faculty, Grant T32DC000033-11, Research Training in Speech and Hearing Sciences (Chris Moore, Principal Investigator), National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, 4/1/04-3/31/09.

Review Towards a neural basis of auditory sentence processing

sentence comprehension: eye movements in the analysis of structurally ambiguous sentences. Cogn. Psychol. 14, 178 210 e MacDonald, M.C. et al. (1994) Lexical nature of syntactic ambiguity

Diane L. Kendall, PhD;1 2 Irene Minkina, BA;1* Phatak, PhD;

resolution of high visual ambiguity at the apex of the ventral visual stream [7], (2) the proximity of structures involved in social-affective processing [11], and/or (3) a role for the temporal pole as an amodal semantic hub [12 14]. Regardless of the specific mechanism, ATL resection interferes with the contribution of the temporal poles to

Volume:02/Issue:10/October 2020 Impact Factor- 5.354 www

advancements, explicitly to Text-To-Speech blend and Automatic Speech Recognition. In 3TTS. The significance of NLP in handling the info text to be combined is reflected. The effortlessness of the discourse articulations created by the sign preparing modules are firmly bound to the presentation of the past content handling modules

Natural Language Processing

Ambiguity Natural language is highly ambiguous and must be disambiguated. I saw the man on the hill with a telescope. I saw the Grand Canyon flying to LA. Time flies like an arrow. Horse flies like a sugar cube. Time runners like a coach. Time cars like a Porsche. 9 Ambiguity is Ubiquitous Speech Recognition

The neural time course of semantic ambiguity resolution in

The neural time course of semantic ambiguity resolution in Matthew H (2019) The neural time course of semantic ambiguity resolution in speech comprehension

Introduction to NLP

Speech recognition Dictation, trained to user good Open vocabulary, noise getting there (Siri) also here neural approaches Dialogue systems Fixed domain ok, but tedious Data driven getting there QA good, ~70% average 1/25/2018 Spring 2018 Social Computing Course 23

COS 484/584 (Advanced) Natural Language Processing

Logistics (484+584) Assignments: Due on Mondays before class (1:30pm) 96 free late hours (~4 days) in total over all assignments After this, 10% penalty for every day lateness (max 3 days)

Two hemispheres two networks: a computational model

time course of lexical selection was successfully simulated by Kawamoto s simple recurrent network described below. 1.1 A connectionist approach to lexical ambiguity resolution

Book Reviews: Remnants of Meaning

Hirst, Graeme 1987 Semantic Interpretation and the Resolution of Ambiguity, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England. Rorty, R. 1979 Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. Wittgenstein, L. 1953 Philosophische Untersuchungen [Philosophical

Introduction to Psycholinguistics Lecture 1: Introduction

context, morphological complexity, frequency of base, speech rate, duration of stimulus, number of words in a sentence, position on screen, repetition, ambiguity. Introduction to Psycholinguistics 12 Speech Processing Model (Dijkstra & Kempen, 1993) Conceptual System Sentence processing Word recognition Speech recognition Grammatical encoding

Syllabus: PSYCH 129 Cognitive Neurolinguistics

Course Description and Objectives: This course examines how human linguistic properties are acquired, developed, organized and processed in our mind; and aims to pursue an inquiry about neural mechanisms that enable us to produce and comprehend language as a human communication tool. Learning Outcomes: at the end of this course, you will have

Effects of representational distance between meanings on the

ings indicate that the time course of ambiguous word recognition is modulated by semantic relatedness. With respect to syntactic similarity, Mirman et al. (2010) recently provided evidence that the grammatical class of each meaning also influences recognition of ambiguous words. In a lexical decision task, they found that homonyms with two noun

Chapter 18 Sentence Processing Jesse Snedeker and Yi Ting Huang

thus is not apparent in the reaction time (see Sternberg 1998). These difficulties have led many researchers to conclude that children s language comprehension is best studied with spoken language and no overt task. The challenge, of course, is to figure out how we can get measures of online processing under these conditions.

(有) 大学院における研究指導担当資格の有無

Bilinguals and monolinguals linguistic ambiguity resolution during comprehension and production: Similar patterns but different pathways. 共著 2013, November Talk given at the 2013 ASHA Convention, Chicago, IL. Blumenfeld, H. K., Hoshino, N., & Thierry, G. Brain potentials reveal influence of vocal affect in cross-modal semantic priming.

AddresseeIdentityand MorphosyntacticProcessingin

judgment, which was a time-constrained yes-no response, and a naturalness rating, a seven-point scale response without time pressure. The tasks differed on two dimensions: first, the type of question; second, the time constraint. Regarding the first difference, the two tasks could monitor qualitatively different aspects of language

A Connectionist Model of Sentence Comprehension and Production

sensitivity to lexical and structural frequencies, semantic plausibility, inflectional morphology, and locality effects. A critical feature of the model is its suggestion of a tight coupling between comprehension and production and the idea that language production is primarily learned through the formulation and testing of covert predictions

Margaret Kjelgaard, PhD Curriculum Vitae

Kjelgaard, M.M. & Speer, S.R. (1999). Prosodic facilitation and inhibition in the resolution of temporary syntactic ambiguity. Journal of Memory and Language, 40, 153-194. Kjelgaard, M.M., Titone, D., & Wingfield, A (1999). The influence of prosodic structure in the interpretation of temporary syntactic ambiguity for elderly and young adult

Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive TheEffectofObjectState

dents participated for course credit in an online task used for stimulus norming (273 subjects in Experiment 1; 249 subjects in Experiment 2). All subjects spoke English as a first language. Event stimuli. Event comprehension items for each experiment con-sisted of two sentences describing a person or an animal acting upon a single object.

BOSTON UNIVERSITY CONFERENCE ON LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT NOVEMBER

TIME Session A Session B Session C 9:00 Rapid lexical ambiguity resolution in highly-verbal children with autism H. Rabagliati, N. Hahn, J. Snedeker What anticipatory eye-movements reveal about covert speech: A deep look into the developing production lexicon C. Ngon, S. Peperkamp Long vs. short QR: Evidence from the acquisition of ACD

CYMA VAN PETTEN (through June 2008)

Van Petten, C., & Kutas, M. (1988). Tracking the time course of meaning activation. In S. Small, G. Cottrell and M. Tanenhaus (Eds), Lexical Ambiguity Resolution in the Comprehension of Human Language (pp 431-475). Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. Van Petten, C., & Kutas, M. (1988). The use of event-related potentials in the study of brain asym-metries.

TTIC 31190: Natural Language Processing

Course Philosophy From reading papers, one gets the idea that machine learning concepts are monolithic, opaque objects e.g., naïve Bayes, logistic regression, SVMs, CRFs, neural networks, LSTMs, etc. Nothing is opaque Everything can be dissected, which reveals connections The names above are useful shorthand, but not useful

Electrophysiological Evidence for Reversed Lexical Repetition

during language comprehension (Seidenberg, Tanen-haus, Leiman, & Bienkowski, 1982; Swinney, 1979), showing that such mechanisms can help explain the resolution of ambiguity, which is a key requirement of determining the meaning of an utterance. Priming ef-fects have also been found for semantically related word

Gregory Hickok NIH Public Access Department of Cognitive

The dual route model of the organization of speech processing is grounded in the fact that the brain has to do two kinds of things with acoustic speech information. On the one hand, acoustic speech input must be linked to conceptual-semantic representations; that is, speech must be understood.

Tamara Yvonne Swaab

Sensitivity to Referential Ambiguity in Discourse: the Role of Attention, Working Memory and Verbal Ability. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(12), 2309-2323.

An event-related brain potential study of sentence

repair process while the P600 elicited by ambiguity resolution represents a reanalysis process [17]. 1.2. ERP studies of early language acquisition Before infants can engage in linguistic analysis and understand the mappings between language and events, they must recognize the link between elements of the acoustic stream and specific events [18].

Lee Osterhout Address Department of Psychology University of

Participating Faculty, Grant T32DC000033-11, Research Training in Speech and Hearing Sciences (Chris Moore, Principal Investigator), National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, 4/1/04-3/31/09.

Tamara Yvonne Swaab - Psychology

Lexical-semantic event- related potential effects in patients with left hemisphere lesions and aphasia, and patients with right hemisphere lesions without aphasia. Brain, 119, 627 -649 2. Brown, C., Hagoort, P., & Swaab, T.Y. (1996). Neurophysiological evidence for a temporal disorganization in aphasic patients with comprehension deficits.

Syntactic structure assembly in human parsing: a

2. Syntactic ambiguity (various types of global and local attachment ambiguities; frequency differences between attachment alternatives). 3. Lexical ambiguity (multiple word senses and multiple part-of-speech member-ship of lexical items; also effects of frequency and contingent frequency on word sense and part-of-speech selection). 4.

Syntactic computations in the language - Semantic Scholar

the time-varying representations within the LH fronto-temporal language system, we can determine how neural computations in the frontal and temporal cortices change over time and investigate their relationship to each other as ambiguity is encountered and resolved. Implicit in most studies of syntactic ambiguity is the assump-

Computational Psycholiguistics Lecture 1: Introduction

Reading time studies We can use controlled experiments of reading times to investigate local ambiguity resolution (a) The man held at the station was innocent (LA) (b) The man who was held at the station was innocent (UA) Compare the reading times of (b) where there is no ambiguity, with (a) to see if and when the ambiguity causes reading

JSLS 2019 Program - TAMAOKA

Translation ambiguity resolution in second language learners: an fMRI study Kiyo Okamoto (Tohoku University) Hyeonjeong Jeong (Tohoku University) Haining Cui (Tohoku University) Ryuta Kawashima (Tohoku University) Motoaki Sugiura (Tohoku University) 10:10-10:35 Neural Correlates of Sociopragmatic Knowledge: Focusing on Japanese Honorific

doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr252 Dissociating Frontotemporal

the semantic ambiguity response in both the LIFG and in posterior brain regions. In particular, we will assess whether these responses are triggered by the ambiguity itself or the 150 disambiguating information. In order to address hypotheses concerning the time course of neural responses to sentences,