What Does Medication Increase Saliva Volume

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Xerostomia an Overview of Current and Evolving Therapies

produces watery saliva that is high in volume and ions. Saliva production is also affected by overall body fluid balance,5 blood flow through salivary gland tissues, hormones, circadian cycles, body posture, and lighting; antidiuretic hormone decreases salivary output, while estrogen and testosterone increase resting salivary

1. Medications that Can Lead to a Dysphagia Side-Effect

Factors that increase risk for the medication to cause esophageal injury, stricture and/or ulceration: Stoschus & Allescher (1993) Akhtar (2003) Taken at bedtime Taken without enough fluid Taken in supine position or in bed Large pill size Hx of cirrhosis & portal hypertension Geriatrics at increased risk

205 The effects of anaesthesia on respiratory function

b: Sevoflurane causes an increase in saliva production. c: Propofol causes a loss of the cough reflex. d: Saliva on the vocal cords can cause laryngospasm. e: Ketamine causes an increase in saliva production. 2. End-tidal carbon dioxide: a: Corresponds to the arterial oxygen partial pressure. b: Is inversely proportional to the alveolar

End of Life and Palliative Care Medication Prescribing

Medication administration devices doses. The Anticipatory Prescribing Guide includes information about recommended medication administration methods and Re-usable syringe drivers should be re-processed after use by a COVID-19 positive patient according to their intended use and manufacturer s advice1.

Fentanyl and Fentanyl Analogs - SAMHSA

Fentanyl and Fentanyl Analogs Ruth E. Winecker, Ph.D. F- ABFT Director, Quality Assurance and Proficiency Program. Project Director, National Laboratory Certification

Antidepressants: Side Effects in the Mouth

2.1 Role of saliva in oral health Saliva is a true mirror of the body that contains a large number of organic and inorganic compounds, and can be seen as a very important health indicator. Salivary secretion is controlled by the autonomic nervous system through receptors present in the salivary gland.

Dysarthria and Dysphonia - icommunicate therapy

unintelligible. Intelligibility may be further hindered by low volume, variable rate and rhythm, and irregular pitch. As well as traumatic brain injury, dysarthria can be caused by brain tumour, stroke, cerebral palsy, long term use of certain medication, and degenerative diseases such as Parkinsons. Other co-occuring problems may

Interpretation of Drug Testing Results in Medication-Assisted

Medication-Assisted Treatment ©NCDC, April 2018 The following presentation may not be copied in whole or in part without the written permission of the author of the National Drug Court Institute. Written permission will generally be given upon request. Developed by: Paul L. Cary M.S. National Center for DWI Courts


to have decreased amounts of saliva compared to men. Furthermore, although salivary flow rate may diminish in either sex, women may be more likely to experience decreased salivary output with an increase in age. 4 The actual volume of saliva does not necessarily dictate the subjective feeling of xerostomia


Some medication can increase saliva production, so be sure to discuss this issue with your GP if you think this may be the case. Some patches and medications may be useful for reducing saliva production. However, they can reduce all other body fluids, which creates other problems. You should consult your GP or SLT about using these medications.


Increase volume by 25% per day until goal reached Evaluate medication forms and administration methods, review flushing Thick saliva


Dispersion in saliva in oral cavity causes pre-gastric absorption of drug which dissolves. Buccal, pharyngeal and gastric regions are all areas of absorption for many drugs. Any pre-gastric absorption avoids first pass hepatic metabolism which increase the bioavailability. Furthermore, safety profiles may be improved for drugs

(Fluconazole Tablets) (Fluconazole for Oral Suspension)

The apparent volume of distribution of fluconazole approximates that of total body water. Plasma protein binding is low (11 to 12%). Following either single- or multiple oral doses for up to 14 days, fluconazole penetrates into all body fluids studied (see table below). In normal volunteers, saliva

Nutrition in the Patient with Ostomy - University of Louisville

Decrease saliva volume: belladonna Slow down bowel transit: paregoric, other opiates, or loperamide. Liquid drug preparations will be absorbed better; be sure they do not have sorbitol. Avoid hyperosmolar feeding formulas, sodas & juices. Prefer formulas with 40% of calories as fat, low in simple carbohydrates, & with fiber

Checking Gastric Residual Volumes: A Practice in Search of

increase (1 3). This article will review what is known Saliva 1500 1500 500 1000 does not change as the volume is moved from the stom-ach to the small bowel

Management of Excessive Respiratory Secretions: A Sharing of

medications to manage her saliva secretions including oral promethazine, oral amitriptyline, and inhaled ipratropium, but they were not effective. Local injection of Botulinum toxin (Botox) 15 Units into each submandibular gland, was performed under ultrasound guidance. It was effective in reducing the volume of saliva

Chart Documentation/Writing Orders

vent rate, tidal volume, FIO2, PEEP and pressure support requirements Aerosol Treatments - Careful with unit dose and inhalation therapy (Meds) Suction if PRN, list indication Incentive Spirometry

Medications for the Treatment of PD: the Old, the New and The

disperses in saliva and is swallowed, then absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. Designed to deliver drug in a continuous, linear fashion within ±20% of the nominal delivery rate for 4 hours. The container is held in place by an oral retainer. The retainer is custom-made for each patient using standard,

Breathing Problems in Adults with Neuromuscular Weakness

of mucus. This device will also increase the volume of air in your lungs, which improves your oxygen level and reduces your risk of lung collapse and infection. There are other things you can do to improve your sleep with neuromuscular weakness. It is important to follow a balanced diet. Your respiratory muscle strength will worsen with poor

Diagnosis and Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Feb 01, 2006 Volume 73, Number 3 www.aafp.org separation of sputum from saliva when streaking slides or plates,9 or viral etiology. Furthermore, sputum samples are adequate medication choices, it can

Chapter 2 Pharmacokinetic Principles Case Study 1

4. Exercise can increase the duration of action of some drugs that are metabolized by the liver because: a. Hepatic blood flow increases during exercise. b. Hepatic blood flow decreases during exercise. c. The volume of distribution increases during exercise. d. The volume of distribution decreases during exercise. 5.

Controlling GI Side Effects after Transplant: What Every

get a headache from eating ice cream. In healthcare, a medication or treatment may resolve a problem, but can cause another problem - a side effect. A blood pressure medication, for example, may lower the patient s blood pressure to a normal range, but that patient may also complain about feeling sleepy or dizzy after taking the medication.

I have too much saliva

Some medications may increase the amount of saliva you produce, while other drugs can reduce the volume of saliva, such as antihypertensives, antihistamines, antidepressants, antipsychotics and anti-Parkinson s medication.

Evaluation of Diarrhea - University of Louisville

Stool volume: a) Volume < 250 g + tenesmus, frequency, urgency, mucus or blood: suggest recto-sigmoid involvement. b) Volume > 400 g, watery, minimal urgency, no tenesmus, little mucus: suggest SB or proximal colon origin, secretory diarrhea. c) Volume > 400 g, foul smelling, greasy, minimal urgency, no tenesmus:

Reliability of Screening Methods to Diagnose Oral Dryness and

Sep 02, 2020 unstimulated whole saliva volume (U-WSV), and stimulated whole saliva volume (S-WSV) were measured at the same time under the same conditions on two separate days to ensure test retest reliability. Furthermore, to maximize measurement accuracy, the measurements were conducted in the following order: OM, U-WSV, and S-WSV. Figure 1.

Review Article - Global Research online

Crospovidone quickly wicks saliva into the tablet to generate the volume expansion and hydrostatic pressures necessary to provide rapid disintegration in the mouth. Unlike other superdisintegrants, which rely principally on swelling for disintegration, Crospovidone superdisintegrants use a combination of swelling and wicking.

Salivary Response to Esophageal Acid in Normal Subjects and

pH 4 does permit an estimation of the capacity for acid neutralization of saliva. With titration to pH 4, >99% of the acid can be neutralized without accumulation of ex- cess base. With knowledge of the saliva volume required to titrate a known quantity of hydrogen ions to pH 4, the

Urine Drug Tests: Ordering and Interpretation

Jan 01, 2019 Volume 99, Number 1 www.aafp.org can increase the risk of a fatal overdose.1,2 Weak Urine, serum, saliva, sweat, and hair can be tested for the presence of drugs. However, urine testing is

Nil by mouth: best practice and patient education

period also had a lower gastric volume. The RCN s (2005) guideline states that prolonged fasting can increase the risk of aspiration of stomach contents, leading to respiratory problems and possibly death. Obesity, pregnancy, peptic ulcer, gastric reflux, stress and pain place patients at a higher risk of aspirating (Brady, 2010; RCN, 2005).

Oral Implications of Polypharmacy in the Elderly

Saliva Salivary hypofunctionMedications Elderly Polypharmacy KEY POINTS The elderly population is increasing and has the highest number of users of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medication. Age-related changes occur in the body, which affect pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

f C l i nical a l o oxi r n co u lo gy Journal of Clinical

basis for improved treatment. Results indicated an increase in the half-life of antipyrine from 4.7 ± 0.2 hours at the beginning of the study to 7.8 ± 0.3 hours in the 9 treated patients and it was similar to that of the healthy subjects. The volume of distribution for antipyrine in the

Pharmacotherapy in the Elderly

medication per individual increase with age. volume of distribution Free drug in circulation saliva. Drug elimination changes in the elderly

ZITHROMAX - Food and Drug Administration

Azithromycin, as the dihydrate, is a white crystalline powder with a molecular formula of C 38 H 72 N 2 O 12 2H 2 O and a molecular weight of 785.0. ZITHROMAX is supplied for oral administration as film-coated, modified capsular shaped

nutrients - MDPI

Apr 05, 2020 the collection of a saliva volume enough to laboratorial analysis and, at the same time, should allow e ects of odour stimulation to be observed [10]. After this, the mouth was rinsed with water, and the participant was presented with the stimulus. In the case of bread smelling, the 4 min of saliva collection

Nasal Steroid Sprays and Septal Perforations

increase in septal perforations is raised with the growth in the use ofNSS preparations and the reintroduction of a particularly potent steroid preparation, dexamethasone sodium phosphate (Dexacort in Turbinaire). Septal per­ foration should be considered possible with the use ofany of the 12currently available brandsand variations ofNSS

Aerosol-Generating Procedures and Patients with Suspected or

Current UK guidance on infection prevention for COVID-19 does not list nebulizers as a potential transmission risk, due to the fact that the aerosol generated by the device is derived from the medication fluid within the nebulizer chamber and not the patient.

Introduction to Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics

drug concentration in the blood or plasma, urine, saliva, and other easily sampled fluids (Figure 1-1). Kinetic homogeneity describes the predictable relationship between plasma drug concentration and concentration at the receptor site where a given drug produces its thera-peutic effect (Figure 1-2). Changes in the plasma drug


swallowed. Because of the saliva content of the masticated food, it can move without difficulty into the throat and on to the digestive tract. Low levels of saliva production can make the process of swallowing much more difficult and will increase the potential for food to lodge in the throat.

What are the treatment options in the management of sialorrhea?

if tolerated, increase to 25mg after 3 7 days.9 if necessary, increase by 25mg every 1 2 weeks.9 if successive increases are well tolerated and bring additional benefit, increase up to a maximum of 150mg at bedtime (seldom required).9 5. Propantheline Propantheline is a quaternary antimuscarinic which does not cross the blood brain