Reducing Maternal Mortality Among Afghan Refugees In Pakistan

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Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) for Reproductive

among Afghan refugees in Pakistan found that only six of the 18 refugee camps surveyed had an RH focal point.5 Although women and girls represent 55 percent of the 2 million people displaced in Colombia, RH focal points were non-existent and agencies were not planning to implement the MISP.6 Based on


Mortality levels have also declined with the crude death rate reaching 8 per 1000 in 2000 and expected to fall to below 5 per 1000 in the coming decade. Maternal mortality closely related to

Draft Islamic Republic of Iran Interim Country Strategic Plan

10. The situation of Afghan refugee women is far less satisfactory than that of Iranian women. Most refugees are from rural Afghanistan and a significant proportion originated in highly traditional and closed communities; the first and second generations of women refugees are largely illiterate.

IFRC - Afghanistan (Appeal 01.34/2001)

subsistence level. Afghanistan has the lowest child survival rate and the second-highest maternal mortality rate in the world. Only 69.9 per cent of the children survive to the age of five, and the average life span is 44 years. Literacy is estimated at around 30 per cent for men and 13 per cent for women.

Confidential: For Review Only

Dec 16, 2015 MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH IN SOUTH ASIA Page 1 Keywords: South Asia, Maternal, Child, Health, Determinants Abstract: South Asia comprises eight culturally and socioeconomically diverse nations; the region collectively account for a significant share of the global burden of maternal and child mortality. We explored

UNDP country programme for Pakistan (2011-2012)

4. Pakistan has several challenges to overcome on the road to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Health and sanitary conditions for a significant share of the population, especially women and girls, are still a matter of concern. Progress achieved in gender equality and in reducing maternal mortality requires further expansion.


dren. One study of Afghan refugees indicated that 41 percent of women s deaths were due to maternal causes, exceeding any other cause for women.12 Another study showed that both the perinatal mortality rate (stillbirths and deaths in the first week of life) and the proportion of low birth-weight babies doubled during the siege of

Emergency Preparedness and Response Highlights

of neglect, and to support Afghan refugees and local population in neighbouring countries. WHO is proposing an essential package of health services, based on the primary health care concept, to reduce high morbidity and mortality rates. The purpose is to develop and extend existing programmes to control priority diseases and ensure basic health

Case studies Pakistan - UON N

Afghan refugees, mainly into the Punjab, has also had considerable social and environmental impacts (inflation, jobs lost to refugees, proliferation of weapons, etc.) and also demographic effects, since just under half of these refugees did not wish to return to Afghanistan after the conflict with the former Soviet Union.

Reducing maternal mortality among Afghan refugees in Pakistan

Maternal mortality Pakistan Refugee reproductive health Objective: The International Rescue Committee (IRC) strove to reduce maternal mortality among Afghan refugees in Hangu district of Pakistan by improving access to emergency obstetric care (EmOC), community knowledge of danger signs of pregnancy, and the use of health information.Methods: IRC

2013 Annual Report - Alight Pakistan

ARC has worked with Afghan refugees in western Pakistan since 2002. We ve provided a variety of services in that time. Today, we provide refugee families with health care, clean water, nutrition and protection services to respond to and help prevent violence against women. We re also helping families develop livelihoods

Factors affecting effective community participation in

1 Purdin S, et al. (2009). Reducing maternal mortality among Afghan refugees in Pakistan Pakistan: Hangu district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (rural refugee settlements) P&I 1980 2007` Community outreach and stakeholder committee

Humanitarian Policy Position Paper

49 years of age an increase from the previous 42, maternal mortality has fallen from 1,600 deaths per 100,000 births in 2001 to 327 in 2010, enrolment in schools has increased from 1 to 8 million over an 11 year period, and Afghans have better access to safe drinking water.6

Challenges and Successes in Family Planning in Afghanistan

workers, though, Afghan refugees in Iran do not use these [family planning] services to the same degree or they reject them outright. The most common explanation for this among Iranian informants in the health sector is that Shi ism allows for a more flexible interpretation of the Qu ran, incor-porated with an emphasis on using individ-

Inception Report 1. General Information

reducing mortality among its most vulnerable citizens, especially women of reproductive age and children under five. Data collected on health sector shows that in 2015-2016 there were 153 Government and 286 private hospitals in the country. In addition there were 410 CHCs 932 BHCs and 874 health sub centers.

United Nations DP FPA CCPD/PAK/1 Executive Board of the

This clearly indicates the close links among health systems, maternal health and cross-sectoral issues such as nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, and education. 15. The maternal mortality ratio, 276 deaths per 100,000 live births nationwide, ranges from 319 in rural areas to 175 in urban areas.

Experiences of inequitable care among Afghan mothers

Iran, the second-most accessed country for refugees from Afghanistan, has achieved maternal health improvement. However, Afghan women with near-miss morbidity faced pre-ho spital delays and disparity in maternal care at hospitals. This study explores experiences of maternal care among Afgha n women surviving near-miss morbidity to increase insight

RESEARCH Open Access Reproductive health for refugees by

ing provision of maternal care [2,3,5-10]. Maternal and neonatal mortality among refugees can be high [7]. A study of Afghan refugees in Pakistan showed 41% of deaths among reproductive-age women were pregnancy-related, due to inaccessibility of emergency obstetric care. Studies on refugee maternal health in developing countries are still

AFGHAN CRISIS 23 July 2002

Afghan refugees in Pakistan are unwilling to return to a far from certain existance in their homeland. According to UNHCR some 26,000 people (6,093 families) are currently at the Chaman border crossing from South-Eastern Afghanistan into Pakistan's Baluchistan province. Many have been waiting since late February, when Pakistan closed the border.

Progress and inequities in maternal mortality in Afghanistan

This study is the third in a series of three large maternal mortality studies implemented among Afghan women; the first was done in Pakistan in Afghan refugees in 2000, and the second in Afghanistan in 2002. It includes data for maternal mortality magnitude and causes, risk factors, and care-seeking, including cost of care.

Maternal mortality among Afghan refugees in Pakistan, 1999 2000

population of refugees in the world. Information on the magnitude, causes, and preventable factors of maternal deaths among Afghan refugees may yield valuable information for prevention. Methods Deaths were recorded between Jan 20, 1999, and Aug 31, 2000, during a census carried out in 12 Afghan refugee settlements in Pakistan.

HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan

general population is very low (36 percent) and lowest among women (13 percent) with little awareness about HIV and AIDS and almost no condom use. Competing Health Priorities: Afghanistan has one of the worst maternal mortality rates in the world, with an estimated 15,000 Afghan women dying every year from pregnancy-related causes.

PUBLIC HEALTH: Return of the Population Growth Factor www

ern Pakistan refuse Afghan refugees contra-ception unless their husband gives permission, even though women with economic means can buy the same products in the local bazaar with-out any intrusive questions asked (16). The most-needed contraceptives are off-patent and low-cost, but even so, supplies, )

installed by UNHCR s partner OXFAM is filled

to address the needs of refugees in urban areas, UNHCR worked closely with national programmes to expand access to health insurance schemes. As a result, 300,000 Afghan refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran gained access to health insurance. UNHCR also developed tools to monitor health programmes in urban areas more effectively.


In Nangarhar and Laghman, around 370,102 Afghan refugees (documented and undocumented) have been registered after they return from Pakistan, where conflict induced 39,300 IDPs in 2016 and where high presence of prolonged IDP were reported by the REACH report. Tdh will continue to target the most vulnerable among the vulnerable individuals (IDP,

Obstetric Care in Afghanistan and How to Provide Obstetric

The International Rescue Committee in Pakistan had success in reducing maternal mortality among Afghan refugees through a combination of emergency obstetric care services, community education, health staff coordination, and improved health information systems. A unique aspect of their program is the utilization of

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

Goal 5: Improve maternal HealtH Global maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births) 50% 60% 70% 80% 1990 2015 59% 71% 1990 380 2000 330 2013 210 Global births attended by skilled


Since the beginning of the wave of return of Afghan refugees from Pakistan, in July 2016, PUI settles an intervention to ensure the provision of multi-sector (Health, Wash and NFI) emergency assistance to returnees and conflict induced IDPs in Nangarhar province. 1.3. Women s Hope International (WHI) 1.3.1. History between WHI and PUI

Factors affecting effective community participation in

Reducing maternal mortality among Afghan refugees in Pakistan Pakistan: Hangu district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (rural refugee settlements) Outreach Provision of reproductive health


the maternal mortality did not change significantly during the last 10 years and in 1999 it was 9.7 per 100 000 live births. A three-year moving average also shows that the maternal mortality rate was low and essentially stable throughout the 1990s. However, mortality has risen among most adult age groups, during most years, since 1995.

UNICEF Annual Report 2012 for Pakistan, ROSA

UNICEF Annual Report 2012 for Pakistan, ROSA Page 2 of 55 girls, women in the workplace, and in reduced infant, child and maternal mortality. Notably, 92 per cent of people in Pakistan have access to potable water Pakistan (Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey, 2010 2011).

Afghanistan HRP 2015 Executive Summary 24Dec2014

225,000 Pakistani refugees (30,000 families) in eastern Afghanistan, and nearly 250,000 Afghan refugee returnees. Many of those displaced by conflict in the last three years are still of humanitarian concern. Based on recent historical trends, approximately a quarter of a million Afghans are affected by natural disasters annually.

RMNCH in the news: 15-21 December 2011 - WHO

The repatriation (of Afghan refugees) is not visible because of high birthrate of Afghan babies. A Shelter for Safe Delivery Inter Press Service 19 December 2011 The Garissa Maternal Shelter in North Eastern Province, Kenya is the only such facility in an area with the country's highest maternal mortality rate.

Common country programme document for Pakistan and the UNDP

This clearly indicates the close links among health systems, maternal health and cross-sectoral issues such as nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, and education. 15. The maternal mortality ratio, 276 deaths per 100,000 live births nationwide, ranges from 319 in rural areas to 175 in urban areas.

Afghanistan country document RAM

Afghanistan is located in southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Based on UNDP onā€line reference for 2010, the population of Afghanistan is around 31.4 million, which includes the 2.7 million Afghan refugees that are residing temporarily in Pakistan and Iran.

Afghanistan HRP 2015 HNO Final 24Dec2014

225,000 Pakistani refugees in need of emergency assistance In the wake of a full scale military offensive, some 225,000 people (30,000 families) have fled their homes in Pakistan to neighbouring Afghan provinces. The sudden influx has strained capacities and depleted coping mechanisms in already under-served host communities.


rights, reducing poverty, attaining gender equality, building a world free of violence against women and girls, preventing HIV/AIDS and attaining the MDGs. Such events included ICPD+5, ICPD+10 and the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on HIV/AIDS and the political Declaration in 2006. 13.

Flash floods, heavy snow fall, landslides, disease outbreaks

falls, landslide, disease outbreaks, armed conflict and influx of Afghan refugees from Iran. Afghanistan has a maternal mortality ratio of 1,600 deaths per 100,000 live births which accounts as one of the highest in the world. The infant mortality rate is 165 per 1,000 live births whereby one